weights found on prehistoric sites in Germany and Italy, and compares
them with Egyptian standards of weight. An Egyptologist can hardly
approve his interpretation of the symbols or marks as Egyptian hieroglyphs,
even though it may be admitted that the writing would be much modified
in passing over to Italy.
Mathematics.—Cantor writes on the mathematical fragments from
Kahun in Or. Litt. Zeit. i. 306.
In Aeg. Zeit. xxxvi. 125, J. Capakt publishes a photograph of a scene
from the Old Kingdom tomb of Merruka (Mera) at Sakkarek, which he
believes to represent decapitation. He also makes an interesting suggestion
with regard to the pictorial meaning of the difficult hieroglyph which reads
shems and signifies " attendant."
In Rev. Egypt, viii. 139, Kevillotjt prints an article on the Kahun
Papyri considered in their bearing upon the history of law.
Capart, Rev. de VUniv. cle Bruxelles, Nov. 1898, reviews the prehistoric
and early historic discoveries of the last few years, giving numerous illus-
trations, which include photographs of the recumbent figure of Osiris
sculptured by Sety I. (?) in the tomb of Osiris at Abydos.
E. Schmidt, Aeg. Zt-it. xxxvi. 114, discusses the races of the prehistoric
Egyptians on the evidence of skull measurements, &c, furnished by Petrie
and Fouquet. He asserts that the idea that race is readily determined
or indicated by skull measurement has been much shaken in recent years,
and that the difference of type observed between the primitive and later
peoples of Egypt may be due to the different circumstances under which
they lived rather than to diversity of race.
E. Verneau, L'Anthropologic, 1898, 581, reviews Fouquet's " Cranes
de I'Epoque de la pierre taillee en Egypte " in de Morgan's Recherches sui-
tes Origines de VEgypte, 1897. He also criticizes various points of
nomenclature and procedure in the measurement of the skulls.
Ebers, in a posthumous paper published in Aeg. Zeit. xxxvi. 106,
considers Prof. Petrie's suggestion that the Nekadek people practised
ceremonial cannibalism. He quotes religious texts from the pyramid
times onwards indicating a practice of dismembering the skeleton (recalling