Progress of Egyptology.
also the mythical dismemberment of the body of Osiris); but the
cannibalism he doubts.
Von Bissing, Aecj. Zeit. xxxvi. 124, figures two prehistoric hippopotami,
one painted with long-necked birds of the regular ancient type, and
Schweinfubth, Verh. d. Berl. Anthrop. Gesells. 18. June^ 1898,
publishes models in clay of a stone arrow-head from Hieraconpolis, and of
a stone dagger ia its skin sheath from Nekadeh.
Earliest Historic Period.
Yon Bissing, L'Anthropologic, ix. 408, continued from 258, completes
his article on the origins of Egypt by a consideration of the evidence of
language, writing, fauna, flora, metals, arts, &c, &c. This evidence he
regards as indicating that Egyptian civilization grew up in the valley of
the Nile, the signs of indebtedness to Babylonian civilization being very
slight, though at some period there was probably an immigration from
Heuzey (cf. Bev. Arch, xxxiv. 291), exhibiting casts of the sculptured
plaques in the British Museum, the Louvre, and from Hieraconpolis before
a meeting of the Acade'mie des Inscriptions on January 28th, remarked
that the motif of the two long-necked " lions " (leopards ?) is exactly
reproduced on a cylinder from Mesopotamia, now in the Louvre. On the
cylinder this design is accompanied by a purely Chaldean lion-headed
eagle. Here, M. Heuzey considers, we have new proof of a close relation
between the earliest Egypt and Chaldea.
Hommel, P. S. B. A. xx. 291, compares, on surprisingly slight grounds,
some very early Egyptian symbols from Hieraconpolis and Abydos with
Antiquities in General.
In 1894 the authorities of the Beblin Museum issued a hand-catalogue
of the antiquities, casts from monuments, and papyri in the Egyptian
collection. It was a most useful book ; but a new edition, which has
appeared this year, more clearly printed and illustrated by eighty-three
process blocks, exhibits vast improvements on its predecessor. The
papyri are no longer included; notwithstanding this, however, the size of
the volume is doubled, yet without making it too bulky for the pocket.
Eull indices make reference easy, the descriptions are revised to date, and
notices of large numbers of new acquisitions are added. The arrange-
ment and headings are greatly improved, so that the guide forms in itself