the monuments by the appointment of two highly qualified European
inspectors: viz. Mr. J. E. Quibell as inspector for the district extending
from the sea to Quft in Upper Egypt, and Mr. Howard Carter for that
extending southward from Quft into Nubia.
M. Maspero thus enters upon his second administration in some
respects under singularly favourable auspices, and it is hoped that his
new accession to power will mark the beginning of a new epoch in the
official Egyptology of Egypt. But a Herculean task lies before him. It
includes the completion and publication of the Museum Catalogue and the
transfer of the collections from Gizeh to Kasr-en-Nil; the preservation
of the temple of Karuak, where columns falling and a pylon giving way
threaten irreparable disasters ; and, most important of all, the restriction
of excavations to scientific work under the attentive supervision of
experienced and active men whose aim is knowledge, and not merely to stock
sale-rooms and museums. Such are the problems, or some of them, that
confront the new director of the antiquities of Egypt. We wish him all
success in his efforts to cope with them.
Looking to the work in Egypt of other nationalities we note the
commencement of a purely American enterprise in excavation, on the right
lines though hitherto not very successful. The German work at Abusir
progresses steadily under Schaefer's direction, and Professor Petrie's
diggings at Abydos worthily sustain the best traditions of the Egypt
Exploration Fund. This site promises to be the most fruitful ever under-
taken by our Society. The royal tombs prove to be still rich beyond
expectation, and the value for scientific purposes of the material already
recovered has been greatly enhanced by the promptness with which it is
being published. Outside Egypt, Berlin this year gives us Professor
Sethe's treatise on the Egyptian verb, a monument of solid erudition and
philological acuteness, the importance of which can only be understood by
those who have seriously wrestled with Egyptian grammar. Sethe's
work seems almost to prove that the Egyptian language originally
belonged to the Semitic group, though it early lost the most distinctive
characteristics of that group. The first instalment of Mr. Newberry's
long-expected publication of the private tombs of the XVTIIth Dynasty
at Thebes promises to put the student at length into possession of an
adequate record of those marvellous monuments.
The Disaster at Karnak.
Borchardt presented an illustrated report on the fall of columns in the
hypostyle hall of Karnak on October 3, 1899: Sitzungsberichte Berl.