Egypt Exploration Fund [Hrsg.]
Archaeological report: comprising the work of the Egypt Exploration Fund and the progress of egyptology during the year ... — 1899-1900

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Archaeology, Hieroglyphic Studies, Etc.


For the following section we are indebted to Mr. J. G-arstang:—
The Egyptian Eesearch Account.

"A site at Abydos, near the Shunet-ez-Zebib, was selected by Professor
Petrie for last season's excavations. It proved to be a burying ground of
the Xllth to XVIIIth Dynasties, with a few later and more elaborate tombs.
There were not many burials of obviously different dates in one chamber ;
and even the plunderers of Eoman times had not completed their work,
leaving a dozen or more burials quite undisturbed, from which some
interesting groups of objects as well as jewellery were obtained.

"The best pieces found were (1) a complete stone door-frame, inscribed,
of Amenemhat-renf-senb; (2) a limestone stele of Zaa, recording his
birth in the- 20th year of Amenemhat II., and his military service in foreign
lands under Usertesen III.; (?>) a serpentine figure in civil dress,
exquisitely detailed, curiously inscribed behind and on the base in hieratic ;
and (4) a blue marble dish, with figures in relief on the base of two monkeys
climbing in opposite directions towards the rim. This last object was
naturally selected for the Cairo Museum, but was kindly lent until the
winter for exhibition and illustration—a precedent speaking well for the
new order of things.

"Among other inscribed relics found may be mentioned also several fine
steles, chiefly Xllth Dynasty or just later; and a limestone sarcophagus,
in many fragments but nearly complete, with a curiously bungled inscrip-
tion of Nekhta, regulator of a priestly order. There are also other
statuettes, notably one of Mut-sent, seated, and a pair figure of about
Xlllth Dynasty from the same chamber. An octagonal column about
eight feet high is inscribed down one side with the Setcn-di-hetep formula
[to Up-wat] for the Tea of Ken-senb, royal treasurer; and a table of
offerings, well carved, bears a similar inscription for Pepa, superintendent of
the North Land. There are several groups of canopic jars (XXIInd to
XXVIth Dynasties) ; one set of alabaster, bearing the name Zed-Anhur-
auf'-ankh, Priest of Amen, are of unusual vase-forms.

" Among the non-inscribed objects may be mentioned several carved pieces
of ivory : in particular, a small round box with short legs, having in three
panels the figures of an ape, an uraeus, and Bes; and a pair of castanets,
which, put together, resemble a lotus—these also are to be returned to
the Cairo Museum. There are also many small objects in alabaster, blue
marble, and serpentine, some being of delicate form and outline.

" But it is the grouping together of objects, with those from their respec-
tive tombs that seems likely to yield most interesting and useful result.
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