Progress of Egyptology.
In ten or twelve eases small vessels of blue marble, for example, are found
uniquely in association with Xlltli (or XHItli) Dynasty groups. In no
case does this material appear before the Xllth Dynasty,—a result agreeing
with the conclusions arrived at by Professor Petrie and Mr. Mace after an
examination of their tomb-groups from Hu. Speaking for this cemetery
at Abydos only, we arrive at the following conclusion after a careful
examination of the finds: the working of blue marble, though not
uncommon in domestic vessels of the Xllth Dynasty, seems to have become
rare with the increasing rarity of the stone, until it was used for small
ornamental forms only; and finally, in the XVIIIth Dynasty, it disap-
" A terra-cotta figure, originally a bottle—which unbroken must have been
about seven inches high—dated quite definitely to the time of Amenhetep II.,
is also of exceptional interest. The head is broken away, but the body is
otherwise complete. In the left hand are two small jugs of a type found
also in the Greek islands, the presence of which is attributed to Phoenician
influence : they have long thin necks, with handles, and rounded bodies.
In the right hand is what seems to be a larger jug of similar design,
though longer in the neck and showing no handle. In the same tomb were
found actual jugs of the same pattern, reposing in the sarcophagi of two
undisturbed burials ; and nothing from the tomb suggests any mixing of
dates, while there are several royal scarabs of the same period from it. In
this same group occurs another vessel of terra-cotta, obviously similar in
influence of form and pattern to a " hedgehog vase " found in the adjoining-
cemetery by Mr. Mace, which thus also becomes dated approximately to the
XVIIIth Dynasty, although without evidence it would have been classed
with the Greek types prevailing in the XXVIth Dynasty. The result is
surprising as well as interesting—but not more so than the discovery of
Aegean pottery in 1st Dynasty tombs."
Very complete reports of a semi-official character on work done in Egypt
during the past winter are printed in the February and July numbers of
the Or. Lift. Zeit. (iii. 66, iii. 244), with a full account of progress made
Geeel abu Fodeh. In Annales du Serv. dex Ants. I., 1, Legrain
publishes archaeological notes made here in 1897.
Karnak. Sayce reports discoveries made here. P. S. B. A., xxii. 77.
The Sudan. In Proc. Royal Soc, lxv. 333, Dr. Budge prints a brief
account of explorations among the pyramids of the Sudan, giving some