re-copied for their decorative value after becoming obsolete. The paper
is illustrated with plates of type series for Egyptian prehistoric pottery,
slate palettes, flint and copper implements.
Petrie, ib. xxviii. 202, notices the general bearings of recent discoveries
of prehistoric and early historic monuments in Egypt.
Hilton Price, in Archaeologia, lvi., pp. 337-350, figures and describes a
number of prehistoric antiquities from his collection, and in A. Z. xxxvii. 47,
two rudely formed figures pierced for suspension,—one cut out of flat gold,
the other carved in ivory,—and in P. 8. B. A., xxii. 160, ivories in the
form of double-headed hippopotami (?) and a recumbent figure in a boat,
W. L. Nash adding a similar figure in pottery.
Naville, Bee. do Trav., xxi. 212; xxii. G5, figures and describes
certain statuettes and bottles in the shape of human figures, many of
which are early; and some remarkable ivory carvings, etc., in Mr. Mac-
gregor's collection, in which the male figures wear in front a peculiar
article of dress, illustrated by M. Naville from later sculptures representing
In Compfes Rendus, 1899, p. GO, M. Heuzey publishes a photograph
from the cast of a nearly complete schist palette, very finely sculptured on
one side only with hunters, animals, and two hieroglyphs (cf. Capart Ilea,
de Trav. xxii. 108). Two fragments of this palette are in the British
Museum, the third fragment, already previously published, is in the Louvre.
He also publishes the front faces of the two Hieraconpolis palettes, and,
for comparison, the impression of an early Chaldaean cylinder in the
Louvre, obtained from Mesopotamia, which shows a design of the long-
necked leopard-like monster, identical with that of one of the palettes.
No less than seven sculptured slates are published by Legge in
P. S. B. A. xxii. 125, making a nearly complete collection of the examples
known. They are from the collections of the British Museum, the Gizoh
Museum, the Louvre and the Ashmolean Museum at Oxford, and include
the two found by Quibell at Hieraconpolis. Most of these had been
previously published, but two fragments from the British Museum are
new. In the central circular hollow Mr. Legge would see a receptacle for
a gilded sun's disk. Professor Petrie adds a note on the city-standards
upon one of the slates (ib. p. 140), and upholds the theory that the carved
palettes are artistic developments of those for grinding eye-paint.
Earliest Historical Period.
The royal tombs at Abydos and Hieraconpolis contain much material for
the archaeology of this period; see the section under History.