Peogeess of Egyptology.
For the Museum the following excavations have been made :—
Carter : at the Tombs of the Kings and Der el Bahri.
Barsanti: at Sakkareh.
Daressy : at Sa, el hagar.
Ahmet Bey Kamal: at El Bersheh (untouched tomb with large wooden
coffin, Xllth Dynasty).
Mohammed Shaban : at Derb Ezbedeh.
Quibell: at Kom Ishgau.
Besides these, several small excavations have been undertaken by native
Egyptians with the permission of the department. The sebakhin, at
Eshmunen, have uncovered the pylon of a temple of Sety II. This may
be important, but a great mass must be cleared away before it is known if
anything besides the lower part of the. pylon is left. Such walls as can
be seen are but 1—2 metres high; but the pylon still rises to 4 metres.
On the front of the pylon is a long inscription (twenty-six lines) of
Merenptah, not yet published.
For the following section we are indebted to Mr. J. Garstang:—
The Egyptian Beseabch Account.
" The scene of last season's explorations for the Besearch Account lay
northwards from Abydos, over a district about seven miles in length from
Alawniyeh to Bet Khallaf. Camp was fixed from the first near the village
of Mahasneh, in the middle of a promising site which had been already
partly examined, it was said, by De Morgan. Work began there in
November and continued uninterruptedly for two months. With a staff
of sixty hands, over 600 pit-tombs varying from two to eight metres in
depth were opened in this time, yielding over 400 burials which lay
undisturbed. Unfortunately, quite a small proportion of these were
furnished with tomb deposits of any kind, nor were the types of the graves
themselves very speaking. About half of these, again, were provided only
with a few pots of the Vltb—Xlth Dynasty type. Notes were, however,
kept of the characteristics of each burial, and these with other statistical
work, as the skull measures and pottery types, may lead to some " sequence "
results. A few burials, on the other hand, were rich in smaller objects.
The entire deposit of the best tomb remains at Cairo ; it includes fifteen
alabaster and stone vessels, and a head-rest with fluted column, of the finest
quality ; as well as a long gold chain necklet and accompanying jewels.
Besides a variety of pendants, in gold and in carnelian, and some good