Progress of Egyptology.
with remains older than Mykenaean. When we recall that a lion from
Baghdad in the British Museum hears the cartouche of Khyan, we may believe
that this king was of great importance. Though in Egypt itself he appears
obscure, the monuments of no other Pharaoh have so wide a range. Some
of the kings of his group appear to have Semitic names. His statue is
headless, otherwise the features might have given a clue to his nationality.
Let us hope that further discoveries in Crete or in the Euphrates valley, if
not in Egypt itself, will yield positive information about this tantalizing
personage. There seems no reason why the monument found last year at
Cnossus (Arch. Bept, 1900, p. 65) should not also belong to the Hyksos
Hall, Oldest Civilization of Greece. As written by an Egyptologist who
has studied the subject of Greek origins well in all its branches, this book
is of special interest to Egyptologists. The Mykenaean civilization is the
main theme of the work, in which the results of researches far and wide are
brought together and soberly criticised. Several of the Egyptological
details are new and remarkable, e.g. the identification of the hieroglyphic
name of Cyprus in the XV-IIlth Dynasty.
Moret, Rev. Arch, xxxviii. 198, illustrates the description of the
shield of Achilles by scenes from Egyptian tombs, and suggests a
Erman, A. Z. xxxviii. 1, retranslates Golenischeff's papyrus of the voyage
to Syria. Many new renderings are given, and the fragment hitherto
supposed to belong to a third page is inserted in a gap in the first page.
But this change has not yet been verified with the original. Cf. Piehl,
Sphinx, iv. 235.
K. G-arnett, Athenaeum, April 20th, 1901, draws attention to the
passage in the papyrus just named, mentioning a gift of 500 sheets or rolls
of papyrus to Zekerbaal, king of Byblos, as indicating that papyrus was in
use in the libraries of Phoenicia in the eleventh century b.c.
Max Muller, O. L. Z. iv. 8, suggests that a XlXth Dynasty papyrus
makes mention of cuneiform correspondence.
Gr. A. Smith, Athenaeum, July 6th, 1901, records the discovery of a
basalt slab with Sety I. offering to Amen and Mut, east of the Jordan at
Tell esh Shihab in the Hauran.
Ballerini, Be-ssarione, viii. 413 ; ix. 61, 197, on the nomad tribes of
Palestine and Sinai according to old Egyptian monuments.
K. jSTiebuhr, Die Amarna Zeit; on the relations of Egypt and Western
Asia during that period. Of this there is an English translation by
J. Hutchison entitled The Tell el Amarna Beriod.