Piehl, Sphinx, iV. 125, notes on the Israel stela of Merenptah. Virey,
Bev. Bibl., October, 1900, discusses the passage mentioning the Israelites.
Steindorff, A. Z. xxxviii. 15, an Egyptian list of Syrian slaves on an
ostracon at Leipzig, with facsimile. Cf. Piehl, Sphinx, iv. 234.
Sayce, P. S. B. A. xxiii. 98, on the city of Arina mentioned in the treaty
between Barneses II. and the Hittites.
Daressy, Rec. xxii. 137, on name of Carchemish in temple of Ombos.
Max Muller, O.L.Z. iii. 310, on the land Zapi (postscript). Noldeke,
A. Z. xxxviii. 152, on Alashiye, perhaps EXaiovacra, west of Tarsus.
Max Muller, 0. L. Z. iii. 306, on the Berlin stela of the beer-drinking
soldier. Wiedemann, ib. iv. 7, illustrates the drinking through a cane by
other Egyptian instances.
Griffith, P. S. B. A. xxii. 271, publishes a photograph by Prof. Pirie
of the Aberdeen Keshep stela already described by Spiegelberg.
Max Muller, 0. L. Z. iv. 319, finds a Semitic word for "soldiers" in
the Bosetta inscription. Ib. iii. 325, criticizes several suggestions for
equating certain Biblical words and names with Egyptian [cf. Canon
Cheyne, ib. 464). Ib. 399, on a corrupted Egyptian word sdm ("paint the
eye ") in Hebrew. Ib. 433, postscript to the translation of the stela, Louvre,
C.l. Ib. 449, suggests that the Semitic name of a water-bird in an Egyp-
tian papyrus is derived from a Semitic word " mourner (female) of god "
and that the name is a relic of an Adonis myth in Canaan. Ib. 221,
interesting discussion of the word for stag (?) in the Semitic languages,
illustrated by the same word as borrowed by the Egyptians. Ib. iv. 190,
on pronunciation of the sibilant sin in old Canaanite as recognizable
through Egyptian transcriptions. Ib. 354, on Cheta-ur.
Griffith, P. S. B. A. xxiii. 72, on the chronological value of some
Egyptian words found in the Bible, namely "Pharaoh," "Yeor" (river),
" Seveneh " for Syene.
Lidzbarski, Ephemeris f. Semitisclie Epiyraphie, i. 152, on a Phoenician
dedication to Isis-Astarte—1st to 2nd century b.c.—on the base of a stela
with Horus and crocodiles.
Language and Writing.
The Berlin theory of the relationship of Egyptian and Semitic, though
generally accepted by the younger students of the Egyptian language
outside France, is rejected by Egyptologists of the older school. Maspero
and Piehl, whose knowledge of Egyptian is unquestionable, have both
declared themselves against it, though only in general terms. It is a
matter, however, that concerns the principles of Semitic and Egyptian