the scarabs. The collection illustrated is certainly a very fine one. With
the exception of the bull-hunt scarab, which is now with its fellow in the
McGregor collection, the whole of it has been purchased by Herr von
Bissing. Mr. Fraser's book is reviewed by Piehl, Sphinx, v. 59, Griffith,
P. S. B. A. xxiii. 137.
In P. 8. B. A. xxii.-xxih., the large collection of scarabs belonging to
Mr. John Ward is excellently rendered by a photographic process. Mrs.
Grenfell contributes a note on one of the specimens, representing an
amphora with Bes and monkey, P. S. B. A. xxiii. 139.
Petrie, Man, 1901, No. 107, publishes photographs of a statuette of
a negress finely carved in ebony, of XVillth Dynasty work.
Vox BissiXG, Archaeologischer Anzeiger, Jahrb. d. Deutsch. Archaeol.
Inst., 1901, 57, gives an account of finds in Egypt bearing on classical
archaeology. He especially notes the important topographical investi-
gations in Alexandria carried on by M. Botti, Herr Schiff (at the
expense of Herr Sieglin), and other travellers and resident members of the
Societe archeologiqv.e d'Alexandrie. The activity of builders and im-
provers is such that it is impossible to keep pace in recording what is
found before the excavations are filled in.
Architecture, Technical Crafts, &c.
Petrie, Journ. of the Eoyal Inst, of British Architects, viii. No. 14,
publishes, with illustrations, a lecture on the sources and growth of
architecture in Egypt, tracing it from the tent or reed hut onward. In
Journ. Soc. Arts, June 21st, 1901, the same writer publishes a lecture on
the rise and development of Egyptian art.
Daressy, Bee. xxii. 140, notes sculptor's studies for bird hieroglyphs.
Barber, Meclianical Triwnvphs of the Ancient Egyptians. This
interesting and suggestive book, which is written by a retired officer in the
United States Navy, will be very useful to those who seek to know how
the great monuments of Egypt could have been quarried, transported, and
erected. The book is written on the lines of common sense, and recognizes
the limited knowledge and forces at the disposal of the Egyptians; but
there are serious mistakes in the historical references.
Barsanti, Annates, i. 283, describes the method used by the Egyptians
to sink the lids on the great limestone sarcophagi by means of sand.
Daressy, Bee. xxii. 144, shows that the naos in the temple of Mediuet
Habu was introduced through a breach in the wall of the chamber in which
it stands; the stones taken out and replaced are numbered in demotic.