fourth century.19 He has commenced a fresh series with an elaborate
examination of the documents for the history of the Pachomian institutions,
referring therein frequently to the investigations of Prof. Ladeuze.
The disputes are well known to which the statement in Eutychius' Annals
gave rise as to early Alexandrine bishops having been consecrated by
presbyters (c/. Lightfoot, Philippians 4, 230). Eenaudot was held to have
long ago demonstrated the small value of this assertion. A discovery
however, by Mr. Brooks20 has now made it more than probable that
Eutychius had good grounds for what he asserted; for, from a letter of
Severus of Antioch, who died in 543, arid so preceded Eutychius by some
four hundred years, it is evident that that writer likewise knew of and
credited the same tradition. The Historia Lausiaca, indeed, as Dom
Butler had already pointed out, has a passage which might imply
that this custom still obtained even at the beginning of the fifth
What there is to be made of the available Egyptian episcopal lists has
been done by Professor G-elzer [Byzaut. Zeitschr. ii, and his Georgius
Gyprius) and M. Amelineau (Ge'ograpihie), and their comprebension is any-
thing but furthered by Dr. Ermoni's publication.21 Though he professes
to have compiled from the obvious older sources—he appears ignorant of
the above-named works—his alphabetical list contains a medley of im-
possibilities for which surely none of his authorities can be responsible.
Here are some specimens: Abutig = Abydos, Babylon = hierogl. Abou,
Insine = " Thebes inferieur," Herment and Hermonthis distinct, so too
Belak and Philae, and so forth.
The Alexandria Museum possesses a large number of funerary stelae,
some with Greek, some with Coptic inscriptions. The collection is in all
points similar to that at Cairo, already in part published by M. G-ayet.
Dr. Botti has now rendered a very acceptable service by printing the texts
of the Greek stelae, many of which show interesting names or formulae.-3
Ten good photographs of typical examples, including the orantes elsewhere
described (v. Report, 1898-99. 61), accompany the publication. He has
likewise edited23 such Christian inscriptions—not a large total—as have
reached his museum from Alexandria itself and its neighbourhood. Dr.
Botti deplores the destruction, but a few years since, of a whole Christian
cemetery, near the western gate of the city, and affirms that not a trace
of the tombs or their decoration was preserved.
(b) Single Biographies fyc.—The Uniate patriarch, C. Macaire, has
treated of the Evangelist Mark's journey to Egypt -4; but I have not seen