Pkogress oj? Egyptology.
an armed figure, is described by Prof. E. Scliiaparelli58 as portraying a
Blemmyde warrior. It seems natural to take it merely for a somewhat
debased imitation of some classical model, were it not for certain
peculiarities in the dress and shield.
7. Miscellaneous. The variety in the contents of Dr. von Lemm's
learned and valuable Studies, of which fifteen further numbers have this
year appeared,59 leads me to describe them under this heading. It is
impossible here to do more than enumerate the multifarious subjects of
which the author treats. A number of publications are criticized, and
their texts often emended: Steindorff's IS lias, the Chrestomathy in his
Grammatik, Schafer's Kavibyses Roman, Erman's Volhslitteratur, Schmidt's
Cod. Brucianus. A new passage is added to the known fragment of the
remarkable Sa'idic version of Epiphanius' Be XII Gem-mis. (It may be
remarked that the British Museum possesses yet another.) An interesting
study is given of the employment of Greek and Latin words in Coptic,
while a series of sirjgle words, names, and grammatical usages are discussed
with much learning and a unique intimacy with the extant texts, both
published and in manuscript.
There is literary and monumental evidence to show that paganism
survived at Philae till the time of Justinian; but the origins of Chris-
tianity on the island were obscure. Prof. Wilcken has now shown,00 from
a Leyden papyrus, that bishops and churches were already established
there, probably under Theodosius II. The question then is whether
both religions coexisted or whether Christianity was, at that period, a
mere interlude. The same writer also discusses another survival—that of
certain obscure pagan clubs or societies, which a papyrus of a.d. 426
appears to mention. He likewise describes the various classes of amulets
wherein pagan and Christian elements are combined.
Some years ago Signor Puntoni published, from an imperfect copy, a
fragmentary papyrus, containing a curious bilingual, Greek and Sa'idic,
text. This Prof. Marucchi has now re-edited 01 from the original (in the
Vatican) and gives a photograph which suggests that the manuscript
belongs to the sixth or seventh century. The text consists of maxims,
twenty-five of which are more or less completely preserved. They are
alphabetically arranged, and appear, in some cases, identical with certain
maxims of Menander.*
Dr. Lidzbarski's familiarity with Semitic folklore has enabled him to
suggest02 connections between some of the stories told or referred to m
* I owe this reference to M. cle Ricei's exhaustive list of papyrus-literature in the
Rev. des etudes grecques, 1901.