remarkable fact, proving that, whether they made use of them or not, the
priests of later times had authentic materials for history at hand. The
Turin Papyrus with its exact notation of years, months, and days in the
length of the reigns pointed to some detailed register of the reigns, hut
this is the first indication of its real nature.
The editors show that, in the earliest times, dating by regnal years
was not the rule, and that, as in Babylonia, years were named by the
leading events, thus :—" The year of smiting the Ami," or " the year of
the second numbering of cattle." Such datings they find not uncommonly
in the Old Kingdom, and one nearly parallel instance is supplied by
Spiegelberg even for the New Kingdom.
For practically every year in the historic period the stone of Palermo
shows a memorandum of a measurement in cubits, spans, etc., down to
fractions of a finger. These can hardly be other than Nilometric. They
seem, unfortunately, to offer no means of useful comparison with later
measurements of the heights of the Nile, the starting point zero being-
It may be remarked that this fragment of annals is too small to help in
restoring the succession of the early kings, but the lengths of several
reigns can be estimated approximately from it.
Quibell, Hieraconpolix, Part i., is reviewed by Weill, Rev. Arch.
Lacau finds a new king, Uahkhara Khefy, of the Heracleopolite
dynasties, recorded accidentally by a careless scribe, who, in copying a
magical (Pyramid) text on to the coffin of a certain Nefera at El Bersheh,
has preserved the royal names of the model which he copied instead of
substituting the name of Nefera for them, Bee. xxiv. 90.
Breasted publishes photographs and a very careful hand copy of the
important monument of Usertesen I.'s conquests in Nubia, now in the
museum of Florence, from Wady Halfeh, P. 8. B. A. xxiii. 230.
Sethe's Sesostris is reviewed by Post, 0. L. Z. v. 237; and by Piehl,
Sphinx, v. 184.
Max Mullee contributes, or discusses, new material for the
history of the Hyksos, viz., the new date for the Xllth Dynasty,
the new Apepi on the dagger, and Khyan and the other scarab kings,
0. L. Z. v. 173.
Erman considers that a sistrum figured in the Temple of Denderah was
probably dedicated to Hathor by one of the Hyksos kings named Apepy,
A. Z. xxxix. 86. Piehl combats this view, Sjihinx, vi. 15.
Spiegelbeeg's Zwei Beitriige zuv Geschichte und Topograplde dos