Progress of Egyptology.
Lacau discusses at length the value of the lion in the name of the
granary, often read cr, but which he believes with probability to read suc,
Pec. xxiv. 93.
Davies' Mastaba of Ptahhetep, Part i., especially the chapter on
hieroglyphs, is reviewed by Piehl, Sphinx, v. 178.
Schafer considers the sign for zmd, " unite," as consisting of two strips
of linen tied together by a knot, A. Z. xxxix. 83.
Loret discusses the sign of " life," Sphinx, v. 138.
Piehl writes on the signs bnr and mar in the publication of the temple
of Edfu, Sphinx, v. 127; sky and four supports, ib. 188; heap, aha, ib.
189; on the legs, nmt, ib. vi. 53 (cf. A. Z. xxxix. 85); the soldier = ms%
ib. 56; criticism on points in Hieroglyphs, ib. 59 ; and the late values ntr
for jackal, nsr.t for the fiery serpent, ib. 123 ; dr for the loop of linen,
Spiegelberg on the late value mk for the couch, Ree. xxiv. 35.
Lefebtjre on the late values of the group of three snakes, Sphinx, v. 129.
Kyle writes on the Egyptian origin of the alphabet, making a
comparison of the Phoenician forms with common alphabetic and syllabic
signs on a coffin at G-izeh of the Xlth Dynasty from Deir el Bahari,
Pec. xxiii. 151.
Religion and Mythology.
Lefebdre terminates his study of the sacred tree of Heliopolis, dealing
with the gates of the a slit tree, and the division of the asht tree, Sphinx,
v. 65. He also contributes a long paper, the text of which is a very
obscure passage in the 172nd chapter of the Book of the Dead (papyrus
of Nebseni). This is ingeniously explained with the help of the myth
of Osiris at Byblos. Sphinx, v. 210, ib. vi. 1.
Naville, in an interesting article, identifies the name of the Sphinx in
the Book of the Dead, Sphinx, v. 193.
Sethe. Imhotep (the last part of the second volume of his Unter-
suchungen, issued with an index to the first two volumes) is a very
interesting account of the divinity Imhotep, whom the author shows
to have appeared as a god only in late times, about the end of the
Saite period, while in earlier documents he is referred to as a deceased
philosopher. Prom many sources, including Manetho, Imhotep is proved
to have been traditionally the architect and chief magician of King Zeser,
of the Illrd Dynasty, the builder of the pyramid of Sakkareh. There
seems no particular reason to doubt the authenticity of this tradition, and
Imhotep's tomb may reasonably be looked for at, or near, the centre of