Progress of Egyptology.
which records the sale of a slave-girl at Myra, in Lycia, in the year 206.
The document not being executed in Egypt, the date is given by the consuls
and the priest of the Augusti. The other texts present few features of
special interest, but among them maybe mentioned a complaint, in a.d. 168,
of the increasing burden of taxation, clue to the diminution of population,
which leaves fewer persons to share the load (Nos. 902-904); two com-
plaints of assault (Nos. 908-909), one being by the local collectors of the
corn-dues on officials sent out from the metropolis ; and a lease by the
four priests (entitled Xecrdwe?, as in Amherst Pap. ii. 35) of Tsis
Nephrommis at Nilopolis, of the altar of the goddess in that village (No.
916). The lease is for a year, and the rent paid is 400 drachmas, which
gives some idea of the profits derived from the priestly vocation. The
second part contains the rough transcripts made by Wilcken of some of
the papyri found by him at Heracleopolis, which (as was mentioned in last
year's Arch. Report) were subsequently destroyed by fire at Hamburg. The
incomplete copies now published serve at least to give us some idea of the
contents of the lost originals, and it need not be said that all which skill
can do to complete them has been done by their accomplished editor.
They furnish us with the official title of the administrative assembly
('Hpa/cXeou? iro\ea<i ap^ala? kcu 0eo<f>i\ov r\ KpaTiarri fiovkrj), and with an
extract from the journals of its proceedings (Nos. 924, 925); with examples
of the high title of /cpa-rio-Tos applied to new officials (o KpaTiaros 8ioaciiTtf<;,
oi KpaTio-Tot, eva^/j.ov€<;, Nos. 925, 926); with a document giving surety
for a person who has been convicted of resorting to pagan assemblies (No.
936, already commented on by Wilcken in last year's Archiv); with the
sale of a slave-boy, aged 13 (No. 937); with a date in the reign of
Vaballathus (No. 946); with a Christian amulet of the sixth century,
containing a prayer for the banishment of the demon of malignant envy
(tw Salfj.ova vrpoftao-Kavias), and ending with the Lord's Prayer, showing
some noteworthy variations of text (No. 954); and with an extract from a
land survey of the second century (No. 959).
Besides these, the only texts to be mentioned are five Ptolemaic papyri
at Gizeh, published by Grenfell and Hunt in the Archiv,10 and a Strassburg
papyrus containing official documents relating to the ceremony of circum-
cision, published by Eeitzenstein.17 The latter text has been re-edited
by Wilcben,ls with the addition of discussions by himself, Gunkel, and
Wendland, combating the conclusions of Eeitzenstein, who argues that
circumcision was confined in Egypt to the priestly caste, from whom it was
adopted by the Israelites as a sign of the dedication of the whole people to
Jehovah. Gunk el, on the other hand, maintains that the evidence of