Egypt Exploration Fund   [Hrsg.]
Archaeological report: comprising the work of the Egypt Exploration Fund and the progress of egyptology during the year ... — 1902-1903

Seite: 8
DOI Artikel: 10.11588/diglit.12052.3
DOI Seite: 10.11588/diglit.12052#0021
Zitierlink: i
http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/archaeological_report1902_1903/0021
Lizenz: Creative Commons - Namensnennung - Weitergabe unter gleichen Bedingungen
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8

Egypt Explobatton Fund.

(Roman, in the Cairo Museum), a few glass bottles, numerous terra-cotta
figures (Harpocrates, Aphrodite, comic masks, horses, elephant, monkey,
dogs, etc.), a large bronze ewer ornamented with a Medusa head (Roman),
several fine pieces of glass mosaic (Roman), two alabaster vases and a
small alabaster head of Horns (Roman), pieces of carved ivory for inlaying
in wood (Byzantine), glass beads, amulets, a few rings (one gold, another
silver, Roman) and many dice, pens, marbles of particoloured glass,
bronze, iron, and bone instruments, and, lastly, some loaves of Roman
bread, in appearance much resembling Hot Cross buns.

Two papyri are of exceptional importance. The first of these is a
third century fragment of a collection of sayings of Jesus, similar in
style to the so-called "Logia" discovered at Oxyrhynclius in 1897. As in
that papyrus the separate sayings (six in number) are introduced by the
words "Jesus saith," and are for the most part unrecorded elsewhere,
though some which are found in the Gospels occur here in different
surroundings, and one of the uncanonical sayings is already known from the
Gospel according to the Hebrews. The new " Logia" papyrus supplies
more evidence concerning its origin than was the case with its predecessor,
for it contains an introductory paragraph stating that what follows con-
sisted of the words which Jesus spake to Thomas, and perhaps another
disciple. While the new sayings lend little support to the view held by
Professor Harnack and others, that the first " Logia " were extracts from
the Gospel according to the Egyptians, that Gospel seems to be connected
with another third century fragment of an uncanonical gospel. In this
is preserved part of a conversation between Christ and His disciples, to
some extent parallel to passages in the Sermon on the Mount, but
introducing new elements, which resemble a known passage in the Gospel
according to the Egyptians. It is, however, more probable that the
gospel to which the new fragment belongs was one of the sources of the
Gospel according to the Egyptians than that gospel itself.

The annual volume of the Graeco-Roman Branch for 1903-4, to be issued
in June, 1904, will contain a first instalment of the new finds. Among the
other theological texts is an interesting memorial of the Decian persecution
in the shape of one of the lihelli or declarations which suspected Christians
were called upon to make, showing that they had sacrificed at the pagan
altars; there are also important third century fragments of Genesis in the
Septuagint and of the Epistle to the Hebrews. The last is of considerable
length and is written on the back of a Latin text, which is as welcome as
it is unexpected. This proves to be a new epitome of Livy, covering books
37-40 and 48-55. Of Livy's history all the books later than the 45th are
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