is traceable with few interruptions throughout the Egyptian Nile Valley ;
the age of this series has been fixed by Blanckenhorn as that of the second
Ice age. In it are found the implements, often well exposed in the sides
of great tombs and in beds that have been solidified by lime into a hard
rock. Dr. Allen Sturge, an authority on the Palaeolithic age, and Dr.
Blanckenhorn himself with another German geologist accompanied Dr.
Schweinfurth at different times to the localities where he found the
implements. Their verdict is of great importance in view of the doubts
lately raised by Dr. Forbes and others as to the age of these flints. Dr.
Schweinfurth notes that the diluvial deposits of Egypt reveal a fauna
scarcely differing from that of the present day. Verh. Berl. Anthrop.
Gesellschaft, 1902, 293.
Neolithic flint implements of well-marked types from the Faiyum have
been known for some years. Mr. Beadnell in exploring the Eaiyum
deserts for the Geological Survey has discovered that their occurrence is
limited to the edges of the ancient lacustrine deposit in the Faiyum
depression. Unfortunately their age cannot yet be determined, as they are
quite different from those found in tombs and town sites. The lake remained
approximately at the same level from prehistoric times to the Xllth
Dynasty, when it was to some extent regulated as Lake Moeris ; even so
it underwent but little change until the Ptolemaic age. The implements,
a series of which are figured in the article, are of highly developed types,
including ground and polished axes. Mr. Beadnell considers the evidence
of Palaeolithic man having existed in Egypt to be very indefinite as yet;
he seems, however, not to have worked in the regions where the so-called
Palaeoliths are found, and not to be acquainted with Dr. Schweinfurth's
results. Further, he remarks that there is no reason to suppose that the
Nile Valley did not exist long before the age of Palaeolithic man in Europe,
and that there has been very little erosion even of the lateral wadys in recent
times. He sees no evidence of the desert plateaus having ever been the
habitation of man, or covered with vegetation. The implements were
certainly manufactured on the plateaus, but the people who made them,
whoever they were, presumably came for this purpose from the Nile Valley
or the Oases. Geological Magazine, fourth series, x. 53.
Petrie gives photographs and notes of interesting prehistoric figures,
Man, 1902, 17, pottery, ib. 113, and carvings, ib. 161.
Piehl reviews Forrer's Steinzeit-hockergraber. Sphinx vi. 214.
Antiquities and Archaeology.
Borchardt writes an illustrated article on columns representing