Progress of Egyptology.
In Labib's journal an account6- is given of a visit to the principal
monasteries between Kiis and Aswan, which corresponds generally to what
we learn from Abu Salih. A number of short texts (? graffiti) of the 12th
and 13th centuries are printed, mostly from the monastery of Matthew
at Esneh. The great ruin at Aswan, known as Der Anba, Sim'an, is stated
—on the authority of the Synaxarium and local usage—to be in reality
dedicated to Anba Hadra, i.e. Hatre. That this is indeed the case seems to
be shown by a graffito in the very building (De Morgan's Gatal. des Mons.
1894, 140, 4), wherein a person is stated to have died "in the dwelling-
place of Apa Hatre." Abu Salih however (f. 101 b) gives H.'s monastery
as one on the isle of Elephantine.
Before this Report appears, another instalment''3 of the Berlin Coptic
ostraca, autographed as before by Crum, and containing seventy numbers,
will have been issued.
The "Genizeh" Hebrew collections contain a sprinkling of Christian
texts. Of such is the bilingual charm at Cambridge, published by Crum.04
The Coptic character is used, but the opening lines are but a transliteration
of Arabic phrases. B. Moritz has made some observations on these.63
Among Wilcken's papyri, destroyed by the Hamburg fire, was a 6th
century amulet, including the Lord's Prayer, and invoking Serenus,
apparently a local saint of Heracleopolis.06 It was already published in
his Archiv, i. 434.
Thirty-four short texts, mostly in an imperfect condition, were copied
by Gledat at Der Abu Hennis, S.E. of Antinoe.°7 One is dated a.d. 750,
others (no. 0) are doubtless much later. The longest (no. 27) was a
collection of apophthegmata, where Poimen, Anthony, Arsenius occur.
Further texts were found at Sheikh Abadeh and Eshmunein. A good
many had been already printed by Sayce (P. S. B. A. 1886-87).
C. Schmidt's periodical list of Christian texts(iS includes criticisms of
Pieitzenstein's liturgical ostracon (v. Report 1901-02, 50), the text of
which is described as an epiMesis to the "Virgin, of much later origin than
its editor had claimed.
A Coptic papyrus has been found by Maspero09 in the interior of the
Unas pyramid. Its dialect (Sa'idic) shows slight irregularities, perhaps
sufficient to confirm the suggested provenance from the dialectically well-
known Jeremias monastery, the site of which M. says he has found in
the same neighbourhood.
6. Art, Archaelogy. Strzygowskj continues his vigorous attacks on
those who still regard Roman influence as the directing factor in the early
development of Christian art. He now claims Harnack, Usener and