Progress of Egyptology.
given in the same papyri for the taking over of the temple duties by a new
phyle of priests do not appear to have been at the new-moons at all, much
less at the astronomically correct new-moons. These considerations
especially affect the results of Mahler's article in the previous year.
The historical considerations affecting Mahler's dating of the Xllth
Dynasty are dealt with by Sethe, who shows that the sum of 213 years
in the Turin Papyrus can be made to agree with the fragmentary figures
for the lengths of the individual reigns and the evidence of the monuments,
allowing for overlapping reigns. A. Z. xli. 38.
Mahler argues for the new-moon dates in the Kahun Papyri, replying
to Brix and Borchardt. He affirms that Brix has made an error in
regard to mean time, beginning the day at noon instead of at midnight,
and that Borchardt's conclusion that the lunar month did not begin with
the true new-moon is due to his taking the clay of handing over the temple
services, &c, instead of that of balancing the temple accounts. He also
discusses an objection to his chronology of the Xllth Dynasty raised by
Sethe, viz., that he allows only twenty-six years to Usertesen III, who
reigned over thirty years. Lastly, he points out that Meyer's results for
Dyns. XII and XVIII differ only by two or three years from those reached
by himself on the new-moon hypothesis, and promises to treat these
questions afresh in a new work. 0. L. Z. viii. 6.
Sethe estimates the chronology of the earlier dynasties, taking as a
fixed point the beginning of the Xllth Dynasty, calculated from the
Sotbis date of Kahun at 2004—2001 e.g. ; and he endeavours to check the
results very ingeniously by the available evidence regarding the months in
which the Nile rose, the seasons chosen for quarrying expeditions, &c.
Circa 3360 b.c. is the date reached for the beginning of the 1st Dynasty,
very near to Meyer's of circa 3315. Beitrage z. alt. gesch. Aeg. (5) in
his Untersuchungen III.
Sethe, finding new evidence that Tacompso, the south limit of the
Dodecaschoenus, was near Maharraqa in Boman times, returns to the old
view that the Dodecaschoenus stretched from the cataract to Maharraqa,
in place of confining it to the Cataract region. He considers that Loret's
evidence for the length of the schoeims is faulty. A. Z. xli. 58.
SchAfer points out that the name Tacompso may contain the Nubian
word Icemsu, " four," Herodotus stating that it lay at the end of the fourth
day's journey from the Cataract, ib. 147.
Abaton, the name of an island near Philae, is simply Greek. The