Egypt Exploration Fund   [Hrsg.]
Archaeological report: comprising the work of the Egypt Exploration Fund and the progress of egyptology during the year ... — 1904-1905

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Archaeology, Hieroglyphic Studies, Etc.


as against von Calice's explanation last year, that there is a double
mistake in the text. A. Z xli. 77.

Prehistoric Archaeology.

II. R. Hall (Man, 1905, No. 19) reviews briefly the history of research
among the " palaeoliths" of Thebes, and figures specimens which he
obtained there with Mr. Ayktox. He doubts the existence of forests on the
Egyptian hills in Palaeolithic times, and considers that the conditions of
the discoveries point to more frequent rainfall causing constant freshets,
which wore out the wadys and carried implements from workshops on the
hills into the graves at the mouths of the wadys, ef. ib., No. 42. All the
specimens observed by him on the Theban hills, with one exception, seem
to be of Palaeolithic type, without the admixture of Neolithic found on
some sites.

Prof. SchvvEINFui;th, in Zeits. f. Ethnologie, 1904, 766, applies the
classification of Rutot to the " Eolithic " and " Palaeolithic " remains in
Egypt, beginning in Tertiary times. He places most of the implements
from Theban implement-bearing strata in the Eolithic epochs, but over-
lapping into the early Palaeolithic. The long and elaborate paper is
illustrated by typical specimens, with sections showing the stratification at
Wadien (Thebes) and Shaghab (Gebelen). Prof, von Lusciian accom-
panied Prof. Schweinfurth on some of his excursions, and seems to have
been convinced of the truly artificial character of the " implements:'; but
the whole subject of Eoliths is as yet involved in obscurity and doubt for
many students. It is to be hoped that Prof. Schweinfurth may be able to
establish his interesting theory.

The same writer describes the neighbourhood of El Kab, with its deposits
of natron and settlements of the old Bega inhabitants at Gerayfit, in the
valley beyond the temple of Amenhotep III. These remains, which are
beyond the simple requirements of the modern Ababdeh and Bisharin,
consist of stone huts and pottery, and probably the circular graves near or
in the Nile Valley belong to the same people. A map is appended. At
Shaghab also, in the desert east of Gebelen are similar Bega remains, here
described and mapped. Zeits. d. Qes.f. Erdkunde z. Berlin, 1904, 574.

An important paper on flint implements from the Fayum, with sixty-three
outline plates and 20 photographs. H. Seton-Karr, Ann. v. 145, reviewed
by Windle. Man, 1905, 87.

Prof. Moxtelius having reiterated his doubts about the use of iron in
Egypt before about 1500 b.c., H. R. Hall gathers the material evidence
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