Egypt Exploration Fund   [Hrsg.]
Archaeological report: comprising the work of the Egypt Exploration Fund and the progress of egyptology during the year ... — 1904-1905

Seite: 81
DOI Artikel: 10.11588/diglit.12055.8
DOI Seite: 10.11588/diglit.12055#0093
Zitierlink: i
Lizenz: Creative Commons - Namensnennung - Weitergabe unter gleichen Bedingungen
Christian Egypt.


In the supplementary volume to his Ehnasya 09 Petrie has photographed
a large number of earthenware lamps, a few of which are distinctively
Christian. On pit. Ixx, Ixxi are fragments of Byzantine church (?) architec-
ture bearing a strong resemblance to those found by Naville upon the same

Maspeho has published good photographs of some of the woodwork
found by Quibell at Kom Ishgau (v. Report, 1902-03, 65) and by Cledat
at Bawit, among the latter an interesting list of saints invoked.'0

From Bawit also come certain clay figures which Palanque regards as
Coptic toys.'1

In the so-called "Alfred Jewel " a figure is depicted holding in each hand
a kind of sceptre. Made under Celtic influence, it might possibly be not
untouched by that of Egypt. Thus Dalton recalls the double sceptres of
Osiris, which he is told symbolize triumph over death.'- Is this the true
interpretation of these Osirian insignia ?

Strzygowski's theories on the Syro-Egyptian origins of Christian art
are discussed by Diehl,'3 who points out that others had at least foreseen
the readjustment which was to take place in the views on these questions.
D. lays more weight than S. upon the influence of Constantinople, from the
4th century onwards. And here again the critic objects that the new
doctrines apply better to the smaller arts than to architecture.

Another critic, Eocholl, thinks that Strzygowski might further support
his position by the evidence from the early monkish migrations westwards,
and from the intermediary position occupied by the Greek Church.^

Certain errors of Strzygowski in the incidental interpretation of his
texts are severely criticised by Wesseiav5 Some of the same errors had
been already pointed out by Crura.

Not much illustration of the Byzantine textiles from Egypt has been
published of late. Mine. Eurera's new catalogue ~r> includes half-a-dozen
photographs, and Capart's second album " a plate of one fine piece ; so
too the elaborate catalogue issued this year by P. Philip (Cairo).

Leclercq's article in Cabrol's dictionary on AmpoulhIs richly illustrates
the Menas flasks and other types from Egypt.

7. Miscellaneous.—So various are the contents of the last set of von
Lemm's Studies,"0 that they may best be classed here. They include notes
on the texts of the Apocalypse of Ellas, sermons of Athanasius and
Shenoute published by Rossi (vol. ii), parts of Eevillout's recent apoeryuha,
and the Shenoute texts edited by Gruerin ; also various etymological and
literary suggestions and emendations.

Eenyon has contributed an exhaustive account of Greek and Coptic

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