A.—ARCHAEOLOGY, HIEROGLYPHIC STUDIES, ETC.
Not only Egyptologists, but also all who take an interest in tlie history
of Ancient Egypt, have had reason to rejoice over the good things provided
for them in the last twelve months. Prof. Breasted gives us a corpus of
historical inscriptions in translation, filling four substantial volumes;
an elaborate index, still to come, will greatly increase its utility. No such
collection has been attempted before, and it forms a remarkable monument
of American enterprise in the scientific field. In addition to the Ancient
Records of Egypt, however, Breasted has provided us with a reconstruc-
tion of the whole period covered by them in a separate History of Egt/jit.
This important work will serve as a key to the fuller meaning of the
Eerords; it is besides the most complete and vivid narrative of events in
Ancient Egypt down to the Persian conquest that has ever been written.
To specialists the active prosecution of the Urhunden des Aegi/ptischen
Alterthvms by Sethe is of the utmost importance. Most of the documents
translated by Breasted are appearing in hieroglyphic in this valuable
and convenient collection.
Another feature of this past year's work has been the publication of the
first part of the results of the excavations at the Fifth-Dynasty San-temple
at Abusir. Borchardt's restoration in the frontispiece, showing the
obelisk on its huge basis with the glistening temple in front, the Sun-boat
at the side, and the city enclosure filled with the brick buildings of the
royal residence below its scarped mound, enables us to realize how greatly
the German excavators in the last seven years have developed the subject
of architecture under the Old Kingdom. All honour to Professor von
BlSSING, to whose liberality the excavations were ia the first place due,
and to whom we may look for the remaining half of the publication.
In a different field we welcome Fraulein Hartleben's biography