Aegyptisches Sprachgut in den aus Aeggpten utainmenden aramaischen
Urkunden der Perserzeit, reprinted from the Orientalische Studien (under
the editorship of Bezold), dedicated to Noldeke on the occasion of his
Lidzbarski discusses the Aramaic papyri and ostraca of the Persian
period from Egypt, and publishes two new ostraca from the Berlin collec-
tion : a third ostracou is of special importance as containing the name
Theodoros and thus belonging to the Hellenistic period. Ephem.f. Sem.
Epigr. ii. 210. On p. 2GS he deals with the Nabataean graffiti ofWadi
Note on settlements of Jews in Egypt in the early Ptolemaic times
in the Faiyum and in Persian times, according to the evidence of the new
Aramaic papyri from Elephantina. Mahaffy, Mel. Nicole, 659.
On Semitic worship in Sinai. Petrie, Man, 1905, No. 104.
Erman points out, that, according to Ammianus Marcellinus, a (German)
king of the Alemanni opposed to Julian in 357 a.d., having studied Greek
mysteries, cultivated Isis-worsliip and changed the name of his nephew
from Agenarichus to Serapion. A.Z. xlii. 110.
Philology and Palaeography.
Max Muller, ending his long article on transliteration (Arch. Rep.
1904-5, p. 98) deals with the reed-flower I, the Egyptian vulture etc.
He expresses the hope that, after full discussion, a more practical trans-
literation may be arrived at than hitherto. O. L. Z. viii. 413.
H. Junker, whose work on the Ptolemaic texts was referred to in last
year's llcport, has published a Grammatik der Denderatexte showing the
peculiarities of the sacred language as written in the temple of Dendera.
The difficult question of transcribing the words in the variable and
unphonetic spelling of the time is well solved by giving to the roots the
forms which they have in classical Egyptian.
Miss M. A. Murray has published an Elementary Egyptian Grammar
founded on that of Erman, and simplified for popular use.
For the Berlin Worterhuch der Aegyptinchun Sprache the Emperor of
Germany has promised a large subvention from 1906 to 1911, and a
contract has been made with the publisher. During 1905 Sethe
collated and copied texts in the temples and tombs of Thebes and in
the Cairo Museum : Gardiner studied papyri of the New Kingdom
in England, Leyden and Turin: the principal papyri of Prof. Goleni-
scheff's collection were copied : the work on the inscriptions of the