Progress of Egyptology.
The cone often worn on the hea l of persons in tomb-scenes of the New
Kingdom is for alorrtinent, not a sponge for ointment. Sppegelberg,
Rpc. de Trau. xxviii. 173.
Edgar shows that the G-reek portraits from Egypt begin somewhat
earlier than Petrie thought, at least as early as the Claudian epoch in
the first century a.d., and continued into the second century. For the
much-advertised opinion that they are Ptolemaic there is no ground.
/. 11. S. xxv. 225.
Newberry has published a valuable book entitled Scarahs, illustrated
with forty-four plates, one of which reproduces the presentation of the
official seal to a prince of Kush from a scene discovered by the author in
the tomb of Huy; six are of cylinder seals and the remainder of scarab-
seals, all beautifully drawn, with a very interesting and well-illustrated
introduction discussing their employment. He has supplemented this
memoir by publishing a scene in the tomb of Thy at Saqqareh repre-
senting a seal-maker at work. P. 8. B. A. xxvii. 286.
Legge publishes further examples of magic ivory wands, P. S. B. A.
xxvii. 297 (cf. A. B. 1904-5, p. 57). In an additional paper he exhausts
the known material; the names upon the inscribed specimens all belong
to the Middle Kingdom, and the wands are intended for amulets.
xxviii. 159. Miss Murray points out that the symbols upon them
are connected with birth and astrology, and suggests that they were
horoscopes. P. S. B. A. xxviii. 38.
Daressy publishes two examples of different dates of a lion-headed
object; these he shows to have been sliding barriers by which entrance
to a chamber or shrine of the temple could be forbidden. A pair of such
in bronze, of earlier date, bearing the name of Apries, has ■ long been
known, but their purpose had not been recognized. Ann. vi. 234.
Bissikg suggests that the Kwen which the soldiers placed on the head
of Amasis was the Pharaonic "war-helmet," A. Z. xlii. 84. Borchardt
shows that the so-called war-helmet is by no means confined to military
scenes; it is in reality not a helmet but a wig of hair, coloured blue, as is
often the case with royal wigs. ib. S2.
Borchardt figures the statue of a man from Abydos holding a coil of
rope surmounted by the head of the Ammon-ram, and quotes two other
statues of the same type; he explains them by two scenes of field-
measuring at Thebes, in which a spare coil of rope is similarly surmounted
by the ram's head. All these belong to the XVIIIth Dynasty. A. Z.
Base of a statue from Memphis labelled with short incised inscriptions