in a chamber, had come upon a picture. I went there, gave the sebakhin
another patch and put my own men on. The room was a small chapel of
crude brick, four metres square, once covered by a dome; on one wall, the
north, on a white ground was a row of saints, painted in a mechanical
and debased style ; in the E. wall was a niche in which was a much more
interesting painting of the Virgin and Child with an archangel on either
hand. A little wooden shelf for a lamp, above which the wall is still
blackened with smoke, is still in place to the S. of the altar.
" Another chapel contained a greater variety of painting, the N. and S.
walls being covered with geometric decoration: three more chambers may
have been either chapels or cells ; each had its little altar in the thickness
of the east wall.
" The site is by no means exhausted. I hope to begin work again there
within the coming month; there are some chambers that have not yet
been touched by the sebakhin, but the results of last season were pleas-
ing. Four of the pictures have been copied, and nearly everything possible
has been photographed. This was very necessary; the walls will not last
many years. The resemblance of the patterns to those at Bauit was
striking, though, of course, the mass of material is nothing compared with
that from the southern monastery. >
" A Kufic papyrus, dated by Prof. Mpritz to 750 a.d. or earlier, together
with the evidence from graffiti and pottery, causes me to think the date
of the building to be Vlth or Yllth century."
Prof. Petrie kindly sends the following report of the work of "The
British School of Archaeology " :—
" The work of the past season was carried on by Mr. Edwin Ward of the
Edinburgh Museum, Mr. Ernest Mackay, Mr. Arthur Eiioades, Mr. Ivo
Gregg, and during the first few weeks Mr. and Mrs. Firth, under the
management of the director, Prof. Flinders Petrie. Three Egyptian and
two Coptic sites were worked.
" At Gizeh the tomb of the 1st Dynasty found a few years ago was fully
examined. It was shown to have been a chamber inside a great mastaba,
of the same external pattern as the tomb of Neit-hotep, queen of Mena, at
Nagada. And around it were discovered fifty-two graves, half of which
contained objects. The funeral furniture exactly corresponded-with that
of the same age at Abydos, the reign of Zet. This shows that the civiliza-
tion was completely unified throughout the country as early as the 1st
Dynasty, and that neither in stone work, Hint work nor pottery was there