Progress of Egyptology.
any local superiority. The objects not yet known were ivory gazelle-
head wands, gold needles, and rectangular slate palettes with two grinding
pans like those on the carved slate palettes. A blue glazed pottery
bracelet of hawks shows the cheaper copying of the same types as the gold
and turquoise bracelet of Zer.
" The Ilnd Dynasty was also found represented by a rock tomb con-
taining sealings of king Neteren. It had later been cut up and covered by
a mastaba of the XXVIth Dynasty; and the funeral stone bowls were
found broken and scattered in the filling of the later mastaba.
'■' The Illrd Dynasty is probably represented by the mastaba found and
opened a few years ago by Mr. Covington and Mr. Quibell. In that
was found a magnificent polished flint slab, of unknown use, a bundle of
copper tool models, and a set of quartz and limestone balls for a game. It
is a new view of Gizeh to see that it did not become occupied first by the
Pyramid kings, but that it had a continuous history as a cemetery from
the beginning of the 1st Dynasty.
" The XXVIth Dynasty was represented by a large tomb chapel of the
chief commissary Thary; a building fifty feet long inside, covered with
sculptures. About half of it remains, and has now been earthed over
again by the Department after the more important parts were copied and
photographed. A cemetery of the Psametik to Ptolemaic period yielded
about 1,400 skulls, new at University College, London, for study. And a
painted Boman crypt was found in the plain. Such was the result of five
weeks at Gizeh.
" At Bifeh the rock tombs of the Middle Kingdom have long been known,
and the inscriptions were copied and published long ago by Mr. Griffith,
with those of the neighbouring tombs of Asyut. In front of one of these
rock tombs was found an untouched burial of the sons of a prince, Xekht-
ankh and Khnumu-nekht. The box coffins and body coffins were of fine
work, and one pair in perfect condition. With them were two excellent
boat models, rigged for sailing up and rowing clown the Nile, three wooden
statuettes of the deceased, and two figures of servants. The workmanship
was the best known of that age, and the condition perfect. This was the finest
tomb group that has reached England, and is all now in the Manchester
Museum. Other coffins of the Xth to Xllth Dynasty were also found.
" In the plain below the cliff many hundreds of graves were discovered,
hidden beneath gravel washed from the hills. Upon these graves had
been placed pottery trays of offerings, which were gradually developed into
elaborate models of houses in later centuries. So far as can be traced the
custom began about the Vlllth or IXth Dynasty, flourished in the Xlth,