Progress of Egyptology.
be excavated, and hopes for some reward in antiquities for museums,
besides a rich harvest of architectural discovery. Mitt. d. Deutschen
Orient-Gcs., no. 34.
Maragha. Tewfik Boulos, the inspector of Abydos, describes some
vases, etc., of the XVIIIth Dynasty, found with a coffin on the east bank
opposite this station. Ann. vii. 1.
Man, 1907, no. 71. Petrie gives some remarkable examples of "soul
houses" and a camel of the New Kingdom from Bifeh (probably from
Xth-XIIth Dynasty), and a note of finds at Gizeh.
Abusir el Meleq. Six weeks were spent by Moller and Boerger
last autumn in excavating the remainder of the prehistoric necropolis.
In the scanty area that was suitable and easily worked by the ancient
tools, graves were found used and re-used. Mitt. d. Beutschen Orient-Ges.,
Abusir. Borchardt has published a large illustrated memoir on the
excavation of the Pyramid of King Neuserre, Das Grabdenhnal des Konigs
Neuserre, upon which several preliminary reports had previously appeared
in the Zeitschrift fur aegyptisclie Sprache and elsewhere. The coloured
frontispiece gives a bird's-eye view of the pyramid field of Abusir, as it
would have appeared at the end of the Yth Dynasty during the inunda-
tion. The picture is very instructive, showing the monumental gateways
at the water's edge, with long covered causeways stretching from them to
the pyramid temples. The sides of the passage to the Pyramid of
Neuserre were sculptured with scenes of the king as a lion triumphing
over his foes; but unhappily only the lower parts of a few of these
splendidly-executed scenes remain, at the lower end. Different types of
foreigners are repeated in them, but there is no sign that negroes were
represented. The scanty remains of sculpture and inscription from the
temple and throughout are carefully reproduced, as well as much archi-
tectural and constructional detail. A small subsidiary pyramid of a queen
and several mastabas are described, with the finds made in them. The
work is full of close observation and good suggestion. We note incident-
ally that on p. 13 the author's view of 1897, that the Great Sphinx
dates from the Xllth Dynasty, is withdrawn; he now agrees that it may
well be due to Chephren. His previous work on the Sun-temple, lie-
Hciligthum des Konigs Ne-woser-Re, Band I., is reviewed by Foucart,
Journal des Savants, July 1906, p. 360.
In January the excavations were resumed by Borchardt, Moller,
Holscher, and Zucker. The pyramid-temple of Xeferarkara was
finally laid bare, showing that most of it was constructed hastily of