According to M. Naville the people of the " prehistoric " cemeteries
were native " African" hunters and fishers, untouched by Asia; the
later " Egyptians," on the other hand, were improved by immigrations
from Arabia through Nubia. The aborigines were the Anu of the
monuments. Apparently the Arabian immigrants, who were not Semites
but Hamites, brought little with them except ideas; the writing, the
domestic animals and material civilisation of Egypt in general must have
originated in Africa. The Origin of Egyirtian Civilisation, in Journ.
Anthrop. Inst, xxxvii. 1907.
Weill, discussing the earliest dynastic kings, thinks it possible that
Semti (Hesepti) is not a name; separates Perabsen from Sekhemab and
reads the name of the latter as Perenmaat; upholds the early position of
Nar-Mer; and suggests that Zer had another name, Ka, the two names,
Zer-Ka, being parallel to those of Nar-Mer. He also discusses some
primitive forms of the title " Horus of Gold " and various matters connected
with the inscriptions of the earliest dynasties, and endeavours to establish
a classification of the kings in four groups by means of their Horus-names,
etc. Sec. de Trav. xxix. 26.
Jequier suggests that Zeser-sa in the Abydos list may be a misreading
of Sa-nekht. lice, de Trav. xxix. 1.
In the first chapter of The Xlth Dynasty Temple at Dcir el-Bahari,
M. Naville discusses the new material available for the reconstruction of
the Xlth Dynasty, including an unpublished stela in the British Museum,
on which three of the earlier kings are named: this evidence does not
confirm the arrangements proposed by Breasted and Sethe, by which the
Antefs would appear as secondary kings by the side of the Menthotps.
There even appear to be two Menthotps named Xebheptre.
Legrain describes the monuments of Akhenaton from the cachette of
Karnak, which he believes must have been preserved in the temple until
the Ptolemaic period, in spite of their heretical connection. Ann.
Legrain publishes the inscriptions on a statue of Osiris dedicated by
Shepenupt I. and discusses the royal genealogy, Ann. vii. 43; also gives
genealogies of a branch of the royal family of the XXIInd Dynasty,
Bee. de Trav. xxix. 174.
Maspero discusses the dedication inscription on the chapel at Asfun in
the name Menkheperre Psammetik, which name he believes to be the
result of a false combination by late restorers. Ann. vii. 58.