Progress of Egyptology.
The Discoveries in Crete, by B. M. Burrows, is a resume of early Cretan
and Aegean archaeology down to but not including the excavations of last
season, with ample references to publications. A special appendix is
devoted to explaining the Egyptian calendar, and the chapter on chronology
is full of references to Egypt. Although the Berlin dating of the Middle
Kingdom is not accepted, the author's view, apparently in agreement with
Mr. Arthur Evans, is that two or three centuries more between the Xllth
Dynasty and the XVIIIth would be sufficient to account for the develop-
ment of the contemporary Minoan civilisation.
A. H. Evans, discussing Minoan weights and currency in the Corolla
Numismatica, dedicated to B. V. Head, finds that they fit the standard of
the light Babylonian shekel of 130 grains which is also found in Egypt.
Max Muller publishes the scenes and inscriptions from the tomb of
Senmut at Thebes, celebrated for the figures of Aegean ambassadors and
their gifts. Egyptological Researches, p. 12, with coloured plates 3-7.
Husing suggests that Asi as the name of Cyprus in the inscription of
Tethmosis III. is for Aiasia, i.e. Alasia, which occurs as Elisha in Gen. x. 4
among the sons of Javan. O.L.Z. x. 27. Prasek reviews Lichtenberg's
Beitrdge zur aelteste?i Geschichtc von Kypros, ib. ix. 501.
Asia : Hittites, etc. Winckler delivered a lecture last autumn on his
explorations at Boghaz Keui, proving that it marks the site of Khatti, the
chief capital of the Hittite kingdom. He had the wonderful fortune to-
find the original Hittite version (in Babylonian language) of the famous
treaty between Bamesses II. and the Hittite king on a large cuneiform
tablet discovered in the citadel. This gives the vocalised names of
Bamesses and of Khattusil, king of the Hittites, and many other important
names known in hieroglyphic from the Karnak text. The lecture is
printed in O.L.Z. ix. 621, also separately Die im Sommcr 1906 in Kleinasien
Mesopotamia, Syria, Semites. Max Muller's Egyptological Researches
contains a very large quantity of material in inscriptions and scenes
relating to Semitic foreigners, including lists of captured cities dating from
Tethmosis III., Amenophis II., Seti I., Bamesses II. and III., and Sheshonk
(Shishak). Two fragmentary scenes are attributed to the Old Kingdom.
Max Muller has also edited the list of Palestine cities which
Tethmosis III. inscribed thrice on the pylons of Karnak. Groups of
names geographically connected can be recognised, but, in his view, there
was no attempt at arrangement. Earlier identifications are recorded so
far as they have probability, and new ones are suggested. Modern names
are scarcely counted as evidence for identification, the chief sources