utilised for this purpose being the Bible and the El Amarna tablets.
Die Paldstinaliste Thutmosis III., in Mitt. d. Vorderasiat. Gesells. 1907.
A new edition of the El Amarna tablets, transliteration and translation,
has been commenced by Knudtzon, embodying the results of his collation
of the originals. Die El-Amarna Tafeln, in Vorderasiatische Bibliotheki
Moret has written an article entitled Diplomatic pharaonique, founded
on the letters of El Amarna. Revue de Paris, Sept. 1906.
Gardiner finds the goddess Ningal in a text of the New Kingdom.
A.Z. xliii. 97.
Jeremias, in an illustrated pamphlet, Die Panbdbylonisten, Der alte
Orient und die aegyptische Religion, contends that the astronomy of the
Semites is destined to furnish the true key to the early Egyptian religion,
taking Erman's Religion as his text.
One of Prof. Sayce's Ehind Lectures at Edinburgh (published in his
very interesting volume Archaeology of the Cuneiform Inscriptions, ch. iv.)
argues for the Babylonian origin of much in the early Egyptian civilisa-
tion. Hommel (llemnon I., p. 80) points out some further coincidences, in
regard to the sun-boat and the eight attendants of the sun.
Two graves at Gezer (one containing a scarab of Barneses IV.), attri-
buted to Philistines. Macalister, P.E.F.Q.S. 1907, 197, discussed by
J. L. Myres, ib. 240.
Lieblein argues in favour of the theory that the Hebrew Exodus took
place in the reign of Amenhotp III., P.S.B.A. xxix. 214; note on the
name Zaphnath-Paaneah, Scott-Moncrteff, ib. 87.
The magnificent group of ten Aramaic papyri discovered in Egypt in
1903-1904 has been published under the title Aramaic papyri discovered
at Assuan, edited by Prof. Sayce and Mr. Cowley. They far exceed in
completeness and interest all the Aramaic papyri previously known. One
of them was purchased by the Bodleian Library, and the rest by Mr. 11.
Mond and Lady Wm. Cecil, who presented them to the Cairo Museum.
Mr. Mond provided for the publication of the whole group, together
with another papyrus and several ostraca in the Bodleian Library.
Mr. Cowley is responsible for the philological commentary and the
indices, S. de Bicci provides a full bibliography of Aramaic papyri and
ostraca, and Prof. Spiegelberg an explanation of the Egyptian names
occurring in the Aramaic. The papyri are contracts and business docu-
ments. The persons concerned bear principally Jewish names, and it
appears that they had an altar to Jahu (Jehovah), by whom they took
oaths as well as by the Egyptian deities. Prof. Sayce considers them to
have been a colony of traders and bankers. The work is reviewed by