Progeess of Egyptology.
de Vogue, C.R. 1906, 499, by S. A. Cook, P.E.F.Q.S. 1907, 68, and by
Wilcken, who adopts and illustrates Smend's view that the colony was
military, forming part of the Persian garrison of Elephantine, Archiv fur
Papyrusforschung iv. 228. Cl. Ganneau's excavations of this year prove
that the quarter of the Jews was upon the. island itself,, not on the
mainland at Aswan, C.R. 1907, 202. [Beside the French discovery of
ostraca noted above, Aramaic papyri of the highest importance, surpassing
all previously known in interest, have been found this year in the German
excavations of Eubensohn.]
Seal with Aramaic legend, purchased in Cairo. Max Muller, O.L.Z.
A necropolis of the Jews of Alexandria with Aramaic inscriptions of
probably the 3rd century b.c. has been found on the N.E. of the ancient
city near El Ibrahimia. Clermont-Ganneau, C.R. 1907, 234.
Africa (Ethiopia, etc.). P. vox Lusciian, discussing the age of the
Zimbabwe type of ruins, which he visited at the time of the British
Association meeting in South Africa, quotes the ushabti of Tethmosis III.
which was said to have been found somewhere on the Zambesi and was
published by Karl Peters. The original having been sent to Berlin, Yon
Luschan suspected its authenticity, and ascertained that Greek traders
from Alexandria and elsewhere in Egypt bring Egyptian antiquities and
pseudo-antiquities with them to South Africa. Zcits. f. Ethnologie xxxviii.
886. To settle the question finally Prof. Schafer gives a careful study of
the figure with drawings and photographs, and shows that it belongs to
a well-known class of forgeries, ib. 896.
Dr. Budge, in the two large volumes of his useful work, The Egyptian
Sudan, gives the history of the exploration of the country, an account of
his own expeditions, descriptions of the pyramid group of Meroe and of
other archaeological sites explored by him, a history of the Sudan from
the earliest times to the present day) and a full bibliography. The
abundant illustrations are mostly derived from other publications, but
there are some new plans and many photographs of unpublished subjects,
including two tables of offerings with Meroitic inscriptions in the British
Schafer gives new readings of the names of several Ethiopian
princesses of the early time, disengaging an element pek which occurs in
two or three of them as well as in a man's name. A.Z. xliii. 48.
Prof. Schafer's discovery that certain hitherto undeciphered Christian
inscriptions found throughout the region of ancient Ethiopia from Soba to
Ibrim are in the Nubian language, like the early parchment writings obtained