Progress of Egyptology.
were known in the traders' quarter. Thus we can identify the Persian
king and cavalry officer, Sumerians of Babylonia, Indians, Semitic Syrians,
Scythian cavalry, archaic Greek, and classical Greek types. It is hoped
that other races may be discriminated in the remaining varieties of these
heads. The date of these is of .the fifth century b.c. for the solid modelled
heads, down to the second century for the hollow moulded figures.
" The works of Stamen.—This king, of whom not a single slab existed in
any museum, was an active builder at Memphis. A brick building with
stone gateways has been found, and seven large lintels carved with figures
and inscriptions, with some door jambs, have already been removed;
probably much remains to be done next year. The work was executed by
a high official of Ptah, Ankh-ef-en-mut, and a high priest of Memphis
named Pupui. Besides this another large building of Siamen was found
beneath the house of the School, where a column thirteen feet high is still
upright on its basis under the ground.
" The fortress.—This great mound on the north was tested and found to
consist of a cellular substructure like the forts of Naukratis and Daphnae.
Part of a court on the top was cleared, and a piece of a colossal column of
Apries found here shows the latest builder of the palace. The great stone
gateway of the camp was found on the river face of the enclosure, twelve
feet wide and thirty-seven through.
" The factories.—A region of potteries, where the blue glazed ware was
made, yielded a kiln almost perfect; into this had been thrown a great
quantity of spoiled pieces, showing how the dishes and vases were made.
Other factories of beads, scarabs, stone vases, &c, were also opened.
" Each of these sites has only been tested yet, and promises much more
in the continuance of this work next season. The usual exhibition during
July was held at University College."
Mr. Edgar writes :—" There have been three important excavations in
my district this year,—those of Petrie at Mit Bahineh, Lythgoe and
Mace at Lisht, and Eeisner and Bates (who have had a wonderfully
successful season) near the Third Pyramid; but these are matters
about which it is for the excavators to inform you themselves.
" Apart from this there have been a fair number of small finds, more or
less accidental. We got a good many things from Mit Eahineh, including
a few objects from the canals which the Irrigation Department is cutting
through the fields to replace the old basins. Thus at the bottom of the
new Saqqarah drain, about four hundred yards north of the gisr, the