afterwards it again sank further. According to Dr. Elliot Smith the
prehistoric people in this district were pure Egyptians : later they became
negroid, while in Egypt itself the population was unchanged. Dr. Eeisner
finds that the district was cut off from Egyptian influence between the
Early Dynastic period and the Middle Kingdom, apart from expeditions
for stone and other materials. During the New Kingdom it was again
completely under the influence of Egyptian culture, and so remained with
slight interruptions until the Christian period. He suspects that the Bab
el Kalabsha was almost barren in the prehistoric period, owing to the
higher level of the Nile, and that this may be proved in next season's work
to have been the limit of Egyptian culture in the predynastic period. Dr.
Elliot Smith detects more colonies of Christian foreigners, and finds
evidence of dogs and goats having been sacrificed and ceremonially buried.
On the pathological side Dr. Wood Jones notes that rickets and syphilitic
diseases are absent; that there is evidence of very slight surgical skill
combined with ample power of self-healing: that the corpses of women
were kept some time before embalming, as is stated by Herodotus : etc., etc.
To distinguish the modern Nubians from the varying and as yet unde-
termined populations of ancient times, Dr. Elliot Smith adopts the name
Barabra-Nubians for the former. It strikes one on reading these Bulletins
that such fine scientific work has never before been done in archaeology
(taken in its widest sense) in so short a space of time and with such
Exploration, especially at Kostamneh, where an ivory comb was found
sculptured with an Early Dynastic relief. garstang, Ann. viii. 138.
Aswan. An editorial note of discoveries at the temple and on
Elephantine. P.S.B.A. xxx. 72.
Silsila. Excavations and explorations in 1906: some new graffiti on
boulders upon the east bank, and the inscriptions on a small temple of
Domitian at Besras. Sayce, Ann. viii. 98.
Hissayeii, Edfu, Hieeaconpolis, Esna, etc.: excavations disclosing
prehistoric graves beneath the walls of the fort of the Old Kingdom at
Hieraconpolis : and tombs of many periods and a tomb-shrine of Hather
of the Dyn. XX. Garstang, Ann. viii. 132.
Edfu. Taking down and rebuilding of the portico and part of the
Birth-house, Barsanti, Ann. viii. 224; and the discovery of remains of
a temple of Bamses II. and III. and a statuette with the name of
Hatshepsut, id. ib. 233.
Asfun. Temple wall with strange name of a Psammetichus (last Arch.
Rep., p. 37). Weigall, Ann. viii. 106.