Peogkess of Egyptology.
Sed-festival, which must not be used as a chronological datum. In an
addendum, A.Z. xliv. 115, he notes two new kings of Dyn. XI. from
Weigall's Antiquities of Lower Nubia, and a confirmation of the correction
which he had proposed in the reading of a high-Nile date under Osorkon I.
Prof. Tofteen, in his Ancient Chronology, part I., discusses the chronology
and chronological data of Palestine, Assyria, Babylonia and Egypt down to
1050 b.c. In Egyptian chronology he accepts the Sothic date for Dyn. XII.,
as usually interpreted, but in detail departs from the current chronologies.
Prof. Sayce suggests a connection between the chronology of the
Septuagint and that of Manetho—2262 years from the Creation to the
Flood = 2280 or 2263 from Menes to the end of Dyn. XL, where
Manetho's first Tomos ends : and other matters connected with Mauethonian
chronology. P.S.B.A. xxx. 16.
F. A. Jones writes on the ancient year and the Sothic cycle, considering
them from the " standpoint of the possibilities of time-measurements open
to observers without modern appliances." His astronomical calculations
would give to the Great Pyramid the date of 2790 b.c. (agreeing rather
closely with the results of Meyer, etc., with which he appears not to be
acquainted). P.S.B.A. xxx. 95.
Lefebuke discusses the Sothic date in the Xllth Dynasty. Actes XIV.
Congr. ties Orientalistes, i. 25.
Lieblkin shows that the low-Nile datum in the inscription of Una
would agree with the date of about 2525 proposed in his Chronology. A.Z.
The ancient gold workings at Gebet, in the desert west (?) of Sauakin.
II. C. Thompson, Man, 1908, No. 36.
The name of Elephantine might be derived from rounded granite rocks
resembling elephants immediately south of the island, of which a photo-
graph is given. A. F. E. Platt, P.S.B.A. xxx. 206.
A fortified town at north end of Gebel Tukh may be identified with
Thomu of the Antonine itinerary. Sayce, P.S.B.A. xxx. 18.
An interesting lecture was delivered by Captain Lyons, The History of
Surveying and Land-Measurement in Egypt, and published by the Survey
Department: it reviews the evidence of the early documents and ends
with the abortive cadastral survey of 1879-88 and the Revenue Survey
of 1892-1907, so necessary for the due collection of land-tax and for
securing the rights of the Government over land newly brought under