Europe, Crete and Cyprus:—Kaphtor (= Crete) is identical with
Egyptian Keftiu, the latter preserving even a remnant of the r in the i.
Spiegelberg, O.L.Z. xl 426.
Two ivory tablets with Egyptian inscriptions found in Sardinia. Von
Lichtenberg, Mcmnon, ii. 105, with readings by Erman.
Hugo Prinz, discussing the early Greek remains from Naucratis (Funde
aus Naucratis as beihcft to Klio) puts the foundation early, in the second
half of the VHth century, b.c. Describing the pottery discovered there, he
notes the other localities in which similar wares have been found.
A Greek gravestone of the Vlth century b.c., with Greek inscription and
semi-Egyptian funerary scene, was found at Abusir. Mitth. d. Oricnt-Gcsclls.
Asia Minor, etc. Winckler, describing his excavations at Boghaz Keui
in 1907, gives the first results of his readings of the cuneiform tablets.
They prove that Khatti was the central state of an empire of which the
political organisation and foreign diplomacy were well developed; the
subject states did not communicate with foreign states. In one document
the king Khattusil briefly explains the treaty with Barneses II. to the king
of Babylonia. The cuneiform text of the treaty appears to be a preliminary
sketch for discussion, not as finally ratified. Neptcra, i.e. Nefertcre the
queen of Barneses II., writes to Badukhipa, cpieen of Khattusil, congratu-
lating her on the conclusion of the treaty. Mitth. Ovient.-Gcsdls., No. 35,
especially pp. 21-23.
Karian graffiti at Heshan, north of Silsileh. Sayce, P.S.B.A. xxx. 28.
Mesopotamia, Syria, Semites. Knudtzon's edition of the El Amarna
Tablets is bearing completion, ten parts having been issued out of
W. Max Muller discusses the land Musri on the black obelisk of Shal-
mancser, marked by its incongruous collection of animals, Bactrian
camels, apes, etc. He considers the representation as altogether fanciful.
O.L.Z. xi. 218.
The same scholar gives a Semitic etymology ' head covering' for the
name of the war-heltnet khepcrsh, ib. 236. He points out a Semitic word
for ' inundated land' in a text of the Vlth Dynasty, which with that for
' vineyard' or ' garden ' suggests to him that the Semites were leaders in
agriculture, ib. 401, and gives an instance of the name of the god Besheph
in a Ptolemaic proper name, ib.