Progress of Egyptology.
Babylonian cylinder c. 2000 b.c., read by Prof. Sayce, purchased with
late beads from Memphis. Quibell, Ann. viii. 60.
0. Weber collects the material for the South-Arabian divine and
personal name Amm-Anas, which has been compared with that of the
chief Amuenshi in the Sinuhe-story. Mitth. de Vordcras. Ges. 1907,
p. 98. Weill doubts the mention of By bios in the same story. Sphinx,
On the Merenptah stela Israel is the name of a district rather than a
people : the passage runs, " Israel, its people are destroyed (?), its corn exists
not." Spiegelberg. O.L.Z. xi. 403.
In the excavations at Gezer Mr. Maoalister has found a fragment of a
terra-cotta plaque with hieroglyphs, P.E.F.Q.S, 1908, 20 ; fragment of glazed
pottery with name of Eameses III., ib. Ill; block of building stone with
remains of Egyptian hieroglyphs of a large size, ib. 201.
W. Max Muller reviews a dissertation by Lammeyer on the Sieges-
denkmal des Konigs Scheschonk II. O.I.Z. xi. 28: and himself has
discovered a line at the end hitherto unnoticed in which five city-names
remain. Originally the list must have been equalled in extent only by
the longest of Tethmosis III. ib. 186.
Spiegelberg reviews a fanciful work by Daniel A^olter, Aeggpten tond
die Bibcl, exposing its absurdity. This book, which tries to prove that the
early hi story of Israel is founded on Egyptian mythology, has reached the
third edition. Deutsche Literaturzeitung, 1908, 1299.
M. Lagier deals with various headings, Pharaoh, Phatures, Phihahirotli,
Phithom, Phuth, in Vigoureux's Dictionnaire de la Bible.
The first-fruits of the German excavations at Elephantine are a publica-
tion by Sachau of a petition from the Jewish colony established there to
the governor in Jerusalem, asking leave to rebuild the imposing temple to
Jahu which had existed from the time of the Pharaohs, but had been
ruined by the natives three years before. The petition is dated in
408-7 b.c. With it are published a fragment from a rough draft or copy
of the petition, and a brief memorandum of the reply of the governor
giving his consent to the rebuilding. The ignorance or ignoring by these
outlying Jews, and even apparently by those in authority at Jerusalem, of
the monotheism and centralised worship enjoined by the Jewish reformers
comes as a surprise to students of Jewish history. Drei Aramdisehe
Papyrusarkande aus Elephantine (Abh. Berl. Akad. 1907). The text has
been retranslated or commented on in many journals, e.g., by Canon
Driver, in The Guardian, Nov. 6, 1907, cf. Noldeke, Zeits. f. Assyr.