Egypt Exploration Fund   [Hrsg.]
Archaeological report: comprising the work of the Egypt Exploration Fund and the progress of egyptology during the year ... — 1907-1908

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Geaeco-Koman Egypt.


a long and bitter complaint, addressed to the dux of the Tliebaid by a
leading inhabitant of the village, of the oppressive treatment which they
have received from the pagarch of Antaeopolis, to whom they were subject.
The second and third refer to a successful attempt made by a deputation
of the inhabitants, sent to Constantinople, to obtain the exemption of
Aphrodite from the jurisdiction of Antaeopolis. The remaining six
texts are tax receipts, in which the inhabitants of Aphrodite appear as
paying their taxes direct to the dux of the Thebaid. M. Maspero was
apparently not acquainted with Mr. Bell's article when he wrote, but he
comes to much the same conclusion as to the substantial identity of the
pagarchy with the former nome. It is greatly to be desired that the
Aphrodite papyri at Cairo may be published collectively in a volume,
instead of being scattered through many numbers of the Bulletin of the
French Institute.

The double number of the Archiv25 which has appeared during the past
year contains, as its principal original article, a discussion by Wilcken of
the system of the conventus, or official circuit of the Prefect, in Eoman
Egypt. The existence of such a circuit in Egypt is one of the facts
established by the papyri; and, since there is evidence that the individual
nome was the unit with which the Prefect's inspection dealt, it has hitherto
been assumed that the Prefect visited each nome, and held his court in the
capital of it. Wilcken, on the contrary, seems to make good his view that
there were only three official centres for this court: Alexandria, Memphis,
and Pelusium. The business of the several nomes was brought to these
centres—the eastern Delta to Pelusium, the western Delta to Alexandria,
and the Heptanomis and the Thebaid to Memphis. The evidence as to
the places, the officials, and the business is set forth fully and clearly in
this useful article; and in conclusion it is briefly shown that this system
came to an end at the time of the reforms of Diocletian, when Egypt was
divided into three sub-provinces, each of which had its governor with his
own jurisdiction.

Wilcken also contributes to the Archiv two of his masterly reviews of
recent publications of papyri, which invariably add so much, both of
correction and of fresh information, to the texts with which he deals.
One article deals with the Florence and Leipzig volumes, the other with
the British Museum volume (incorporating moreover several new readings
obtained by Messrs. Grenfell and Hunt) and the latest part of the Berlin
Urlcunden. Another important review is that of the Cairo Menander by
Korte, who has since been able to see and collate the original papyrus, the
results of which will be looked for with interest.
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