Pkogress of Egyptology.
second book might be divided into twelve rolls of a size equal to this
section, equivalent to about 225 lines of a printed text. The objection
to this explanation is that it implies the use of rolls of not more than five
feet in length, which is highly improbable.
Prof. Moulton, in collaboration with Dr. Milligan (whose recent edition
of St. Paul's Epistles to the Thessalonians shows full and careful use of
the material provided by the papyri), has been continuing his linguistic
notes on the papyri in the Expositor?'1 The six series of notes hitherto
published do not bring them to the end of a; hence the complete work
will be extensive, and correspondingly valuable. It is understood that
the authors have in preparation a selection of papyrus texts for the
special use of students of theology, which should be very useful.
There remain a few articles of a juristic character, which must be
mentioned rather than described, since they relate mainly to technical
questions of Eoman law. Dr. E. Weiss, in the Archiv,28 discusses the
instances of communio pro cliviso and communio pro indiviso in the papyri,
i.e. separate ownership of the several fractions of a property as contrasted
with joint ownership of an undivided property. Somewhat akin to this
(since such divisions of property usually arose from the legacies of parents)
is Eabel's brief survey39 of the conditions of the testamentary dispositions
of parents in Germany, Eome, Greece, and Egypt. Another article by the
same writer40 is an elaborate examination of fictitious contracts, such as
the sale of a ship mentioned above. The law has in many times and in
many countries been fond of doing one thing while pretending to do
another. Finally, Mitteis41 has reviewed recent publications of papyrus
texts with special reference to the juristic aspect of their contents.
The sixth Part of the New Palaeographical Society's facsimiles 42 includes,
in addition to the Menander mentioned above, two Homer papyri in the
best calligraphic hand of the second century (one the Hawara Homer, now
at Oxford, the other Oxyrhynchus Pap. 20, now Brit. Mus. Pap. 742), and
a non-literary text of the year 585 from Syene. The other facsimiles of
papyri published within the year have been mentioned in connection with
the texts to which they are attached.
Several publications of papyri—mostly non-literary—are in preparation ;
the next Oxyrhynchus volume promises to be as interesting as any except
the last, with large portions of Euripides' Hypsipyle as the piece de resistance,
and explorers, editors, and students are likely to be fully occupied for an
indefinite time to come. Much as Egypt has already given us, the last
year or two have shown that much may yet be expected.
E. G. Kenyon.