Egypt Exploration Fund   [Hrsg.]
Archaeological report: comprising the work of the Egypt Exploration Fund and the progress of egyptology during the year ... — 1907-1908

Seite: 69
DOI Artikel: 10.11588/diglit.12423.4
DOI Seite: 10.11588/diglit.12423#0079
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Lizenz: Creative Commons - Namensnennung - Weitergabe unter gleichen Bedingungen
Christian Egypt.


The recognition of these passages in the complete Ethiopic version has led
to the publication of the latter by E. J. Goodspeed, together with the
Coptic fragments (which include Zoega's no. clxxxv, hitherto ascribed to
Shenoute) by Crum.55 It may here be noted that these 6 Coptic passages
correspond to'those on pp. 600, 620, 622, 632, 682, 708 of the Ethiopic.

Though not Egyptian saints, Cosmas and Damianus were buried, their
story tells, at ' Phereman,' which Deubner, like others, takes to be Farama-
Peremoun-Pelusium. Crum has attempted,56 on the strength of Coptic
and Arabic forms of the name, to invalidate this assumption; but in vain.
Peeters 67 and (in a letter) Nau have made it probable that the various
transcriptions are but misunderstandings of the name as found in the
Greek texts and supported too by the Melkite Menaeon.

The edition of texts recently published by Giron (v. last Report 71) has
been rather severely criticised by Leipoldt,68 Peeters,09 and Drohme (?)60;
also by Amelineau,61 who narrates a story from the Synaxarium to show
how such legends were composed purely for purposes of edification.

Peeters has also written short but critical notices of Leipoldt's Vita
Sinuthii, Balestri's ' Theodore the Eastern' (v. last Report 71) and Cram's
' Barsauma'62.

A highly interesting account is given by Amelineau 03 of his stay, a
few years since, in the midst of one of the most influential Coptic families
of to-day: the Battarsi (said to be properly ' Batrassi,' from Peter, their
founder's name), resident S. of Girga. Their mode of life is, as A. says,
almost feudal, in its extensive and patriarchal character. Their agricultural
and commercial operations have attained great development, although the
fortunes of the family are but a generation old. Many interesting and
curious photographs assist in giving a very lively picture of the actual life
of the wealthier Copts.

6. Non-Literary Texts.—A corpus of Christian inscriptions from Egypt
is an ideal often contemplated. Towards its fulfilment, so far as Greek
texts are concerned, the large collection (about 800), edited by G. Lefe-
bvre m is a very substantial contribution. A quarter of the texts are
of unknown provenance, scarcely any bear dates; L. has aimed therefore
at classifying them according to style of ornament or the formulae. He
sums up his results in instructive chapters on the types of inscription,
the abbreviations, monograms, titles, grammatical features &c. Some 95
texts appear to be hitherto unpublished ; most of the remainder are from
L.'s copies. With the exception of a few stelae at South Kensington, all
attainable texts seem to have been gathered. It may be observed that
no. 778 is not inedit (v. Rcpm-t 1898-99, 61).
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