Thureau Daxgix suggests a rearrangement of the Dynasties of
Babylonia and Assyria contemporary with the kings of Dyn. XVIII.
O.L.Z. xi. 445.
Prof. Eerdma^s argues that the Hebrews are distinct from the Israelites;
that the former, the Aperiu, came into Egypt under Tethmosis III., the
latter under Siptah c. 1205 b.c. The Exodus is placed at the end of the
XXth Dynasty, c. 1125 b.c., and it is suggested that the Syrian 'rs of the
Harris Papyrus is probably Joseph. Expositor, Sept. 1908.
Lagier discusses the theories as to who was the oppressor of the
Hebrews in Egypt, and prefers Eameses II. Etudes par les Peres de la
Covipagnie dc Jesus, 5 Apr. 1909, p. 95.
Spiegelberg re-translates the passage on the Merenptah stele referring
to the Israelites, making Israel a land or place, not a tribe. O.L.Z. xi. 403.
The recent finds of Mr. Macalister at G-ezer include an ivory pectoral
with figure of king Merneptah, P.E.F.Q.S., 1908, 280; glazed button of
Eameses II. ib. 28G; ring of Shesha and scarabs, ib. pi. iv; Egyptian
crouched statuette without inscription, ib. 1909, 98.
Schumacher and Steuernagel publish a memoir on the excavation of a
site near Megiddo in 1903-5, with many Egyptian finds of all ages. Tell
el Mutesellim, Bd. I. with atlas of plates.
Das Vorgcbirge am Nahr el Kelb is a popular account by Hugo Winckler
of that famous pass and its Egyptian and Assyrian monuments, in the
series Der alte Orient.
Articles touching on the route of the Exodus, the name Pihahiroth, etc.
Haupt. O.L.Z. xii. 245.
C. J. Ball interprets an inscription in Petrie's Sinai on a monument of
about 1500 b.c. as Phoenician, giving the name of Ishtar, P.S.B.A. xxx.
243. But Pilciier shows that other examples referred to by Petrie
forbid this interpretation, and concludes that they are all " the pastime of
some illiterate person," probably dating long after the abandonment of
the mining settlement, ib. xxxi. 38. Sayce compares quarry marks and
dissents from Mr. Pilcher's explanation, ib. 132.
A surprising find has been made by Sachau in an Aramaic papyrus of
the Vth century b.c. from Elephantine. This contains the story of Ahikar,
a personage mentioned in the book of Tobit (Achiacharus); hitherto the
story has only been known from much later writings of the Christian period.
Aramaic ostracon in the Cairo Museum. Sayce, P.S.B.A. xxxi. 154.
Two early Aramaic ostraca at Munich, two of Ptolemaic age at Strassburg,
two sherds with Phoenician labels at Strassburg. Lidzbakski, Ephemeris
f. Scm. Epigr. iii. 19,