Haematite seal from Egypt with name of a Semitic lady in Aramaic.
Clermont Ganneau, C.B. 1909, 333.
See also the Abusir discoveries above, p. 24.
Albr. Alt has written a systematic handbook on the relations of Egypt
with Israel under the kings from Solomon to the destruction of Jerusalem
by Nebuchadnezzar in 586. The author is not an Egyptologist, but appears
to be thoroughly competent for his important task. Israel unci Aegypten
in Kittel's Beitraege zur Wissenschaft vom A.T.
Legrain states that a cuneiform sign is used in writing a name upon a
shabti of XlXth or XXth Dynasty. Ann. ix. 284.
Fotheringham has written two papers on the difficult questions involved
in the double dates by Jewish and Egyptian months in the papyri of
Elephantine. He concludes that the Jewish regnal years are reckoned
from 1st Xisan following the king's accession, and the Egyptian dates
from the corresponding 1st Thoth. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astro-
nomical Society, lxix., 12, 446.
Africa. Professor Reinisch has written a learned treatise on the
personal pronoun in the Semitic and Hamitic languages of North-East
Africa, including Egyptian. His view of the Hamites is that they spread
from Central Africa, the Nile leading a section of them through the
practice of agriculture and a settled form of life to a high degree of
civilisation. Das persbnliche Fiirwort unci die Flexion in den Ohamito-
Prof. Schweinfurth's letter on the age of the animal graffiti in Algeria
(Report for 1907-8, p. 37) is reprinted. Ann. ix. 162.
In publishing figures of the false scarabs of the circumnavigation of
Africa Petrie briefly discusses the voyage as recorded by Herodotus.
Geographical Journal, Nov. 1908.
Professor Sayce publishes a fragment of a Greek inscription from Meroe,
apparently set up as a record of conquest by a king of Axum; treats of
various Meroitic inscriptions from Meroe; gives a plan of a temple at
Basa with the cartouches of a new king, and discusses the age of the
Meroitic inscriptions. P.S.B.A. xxxi. 189.
Philology and Palaeography.
Erman reports briefly the progress of the Wbrterbuch. Progress is now
slow, but much use has been made of the materials already collected in
most of the Egyptological work issued in Germany. About 110 articles
have been written out, including some of great length, and nearly 100,000
slips have been added to the collection. Sitzb. Berl, Alcad. 1909, 132,