characteristics in Upper Egypt, and finds " no anthropometric evidence
(despite the historical) that the population of Egypt, past or present, is
composed of several different races," and states that there is no such
evidence obtainable " that the modern Egyptians have been appreciably
affected by other than sporadic Sudanese admixture." Joum. 11. Anthrop.
Inst, xxxviii. 99.
Dr. Elliot Smith has printed an exceedingly interesting lecture delivered
by him on The People of Egypt, giving certain main facts and opinions
derived from his studies of mummies and skeletons of all periods. He
considers that in prehistoric times there were well differentiated races in
Upper and Lower Egypt, and that the fusion of the two was the cause of
a marked change in the population of Upper Egypt at the beginning of
the djmastic period. The predynastic Egyptian of Upper Egypt, well
known from the cemeteries, was of a North African type, very like the
Berber: the postulated Lower Egyptian race, by which it was modified,
seems to have approximated, as might be surmised, to that of the inhabi-
tants of Syria. Cairo Scientific Journal, No. 30, vol. III. March 1909.
MM. Lortet and Gaillard have published two more volumes of their
interesting studies on the ancient fauna of Egypt and allied subjects. La
faune momifiec de I'Anciennc £gyptc (3me et 4me series). In the third series
are discussed the apes from a tomb in the Valley of the Tombs of the
Kings (Mr. Theod. Davis' " Monkey Tomb "): stone implements and pre-
historic graves at Thebes, Aswan, Gebelen, Nagada, Eoda near Medanrut,
Khozam ; crania from Eoda and from the Coptic cemetery at Aswan; wax
figures from the ape-tombs at Thebes; mummies of shrew-mice from
Ekhmim; oxen, sheep (from Elephantine); painted geese of Medum with
fine illustrations. In the fourth series, mollusca from Karnak, Gebelen,
and Abydos; the fish represented in the tomb of Mera at Saqqara: figures
of frogs; and mummied geese and ducks. There is finally a memoir by
Dr. Bonnet on the Egyptian oryxes, with a note by V. Loret on the
ancient Egyptian name of the oryx, mahez, which he would connect with
other ancient and modern names in North East Africa.
Dr. Max Hilzhelmer distinguishes ten species of jackals in North
Africa, where sixteen species had received names. He also discusses the
domesticated dogs of Ancient Egypt. Beitrag zur Kentniss der nord-
afrikanischen Schakale (Zoologica, Heft 53, Bd. xx.), with ten photographic
plates of skulls.
P. H. Boussac studies the reptiles figured on the cippi of Horus, and
concludes that the crocodile-like animal with its head turned back is the
waran. Bee. de Trav. xxxi. 58.