A.—EXCAVATIONS AT ABYDOS.
The work at Abydos bas been carried on in various places of that large
necropolis ; but chiefly at Omm el-Gaab in the Eoyal Tombs, and in a
ceinetery not far from the edge of the désert, which I shall call the " mixed
At the beginning of the eampaign Mr. Peet, who was in charge of
the excavations, with Mr. Dixon to assist him, dug at first in tombs near
the cultivated land. ïhese tombs yielded various objects of the JSTew Empire ;
fine scarabs, so-called Syrian vases, fragments of statues, a few stelae ; but
nothing rare or very characteristic except a bronze figure of the fish-goddess
Hatmehit (pl. I. 1). This goddess is generally represented as having on
lier head a fish, the lepidotus, and sometimes the fish bears on its head the
Hathor emblems, the two horns with a lunar disk. Here she is a mere
fish, with the Hathorian emblems which make the animal a goddess. This
figure is extremely rare ; and it is curious that it should have been found
at Abydos, since Hatmehit is a goddess of the Mendesian nome in the
Delta, and the consort of the ram-gocl Khnum.
In the Eoyal Tombs at Omm el-Gaab we worked as long as we could with
cars, and also with baskets. The work of the cars was started and
•superintended at the beginning by Mr. Hall, who fetched from Goornah
the trained men who had been in our service for years at Deir el-Bahari.
Mr. Hall organised the work on the same principle as in our excavations
in the Theban temples. For this work we had also the valuable help of a
member of the Committee, Mr. Legge, who is specially interested in the