representing sic and remaining sa in Bohairic, the other representing hr
and becoming Bohairic ha; (43) sahre originally meant "an upper place,"
but came to be used for a high-lying désert ; (44) nastmme is shown to
bave a Demotic représentative, meaning " strong in tlie hand " ; (45) the
meaning of rcmnhôb, messenger, is interesting as showing an older meaning
of Mb than " work " generally.
Steindoeff supports '6 the old dérivation of hont, which some have
wished to give up, as coming from hn (?) -ntr.
E. Dévaud proposes 77 to dérive the word jôôle, vindemiare, from ji, to
take, and eloolc, grape.
A. Mallon describes77;l and analyses the Scalae in the Bibliothèque
Nationale, giving long extracts from the famous No. 44 (Groek—Sa'idic—
8. Art, Archaeology, Excavations.—E. de Bustafjaell gives78 pictures
of various Coptic objects formerly acquired by him (y. Report 1907-08, 73).
There are illustrations of an early woollen shirt, water-jars (with stand)
stelae (with fine and elaborate ornamentation), a drum-shaped hanging
lantern, and leaves from most of lus collection of MS. fragments since
acquired by the British Muséum : especial mention may be made of the
opening ornament of the miracles of St. Mercurius, where the saint is shown
on horseback, apparently slaying the apostate emperor; there are also
facsimiles from the famous Nubian MS.
The first volume of the Berlin catalogue78a of the exhibits of
early Christian art contains many Coptic objects in the Kaiser Friedrich
Muséum, described by O. Wulff, and thèse are handsomely illustrated in
more than 20 photographie plates and many cuts in the text. A
considérable ainount of leatherwork is described, as well as stelae and
architectural capitals : the ascription " Coptic " is perhaps applied rather
freely. The inscriptions have been read by C. Schmidt.
The question of the manner in winch a Gothic-Latin codex of the NT.
could corne to be in Egypt is shortly treated79 by Glaue, who suggests
two alternatives : it might have belonged to a German soldier stationed in
Egypt, or to a Gothic priest exiled thither for Arianism.
The article " Caire " in Cabrol's Dictionary,80 byH. Leclercq, contains a
concise account of the Coptic Churches of Old Cairo and a mention of one
or two of the most important pièces in the Cairo Muséum. Naturally,
there is nothing very new in the article, but it is of a convenient size for
Fr. W. von Bissing publish.es81 an account of an ornament, with
illustration, from his own collection (a nude female figure surmounted by