A.—ARCHAEOLOGY, HIEROGLYPHIC STUDIES, ETC.
The past year has been full to the average of Egyptological work. Most
unusual results in excavation were obtained by the Liverpool Expedition
under Professor Garstang at Meroe. In the first place, a magnificent
classical bronze head of heroic size, generally thought to represent
Augustus; in the second, several jars full of gold nuggets valued at over
£1,000, together with some pyramidal pieces stamped with cartouches.
It is hoped that these cartouches and other inscribed objects from the
work will clear up the position of one group of the Ethiopian kings
hitherto very scantily represented by monuments.
The publication by Mr. C. L. Woolley and Dr. Eandall-MacIvee of
an ample memoir on the rich Meroitic cemetery at Karanog enables
students for the first time to realise the peculiar and varied character of
the newly-discovered Meroitic culture in the north, with its admirable
pottery and bronze work.
Two surveys of Egyptological work have appeared within the year:
one in German by Boeder, covering the years 1908-1909, Z.D.M.G. lxv.
157, the other in Italian by Farina for 1909-10, in the Bivista degli Studi
An Index to vols, xvii-xxxii of the Bccueil de Travaux marks the end
of a second series of this valuable periodical; all will wish Sir G.
Maspero, its founder and editor, long years of health and strength to
complete the third series now beginning.