Progress of Egyptology.
" Towards the end of the season a fortunate chance led us to some fine
sarcophagi of a very different age—the XXXth Dynasty. Near Mariette's
house to the east we came on a stone-lined shaft, 20 metres deep, from
which opened two large chambers; in the sides of these again smaller
rooms had been hewn out, and in each of these had once lain a sarcophagus.
There had been at least sixteen of them, but all had been robbed, and those
made of limestone had been largely destroyed.
" Three, however, of the best were made of granite and had not suffered
much. One bearing the name of □ =^=° , Thehorpto, is almost
undamaged, and is covered inside and out with religious scenes and texts in
finely carved, rather minute hieroglyphs. It is one of the finest coffins of
its type existing. A second, much smaller, bears on the top of its lid a
large incised figure of its owner, the dwarf Zeho, who was a sacred
dancer. A third coffin from the same shaft has been sold to Chicago,
while a fourth, of a similar style and the same period, found in another
shaft close by, has been acquired by the Metropolitan Museum of New
York. These last two bear the names of
and I, Wennofri.'
b. Memoirs and Reports.
Meroe. The account of the first season's excavations of the Liverpool
University Expedition has been published in a special memoir, Meroe, the
City of the Ethiopians, 1909-1910. Prof. Garstang describes the excava-
tions and the finds made in the temple of Amnion, the temple of Isis, the
Lion temple, the " Sun-temple," and the necropolis. The temples pro-
duced sculptures and inscriptions of the Meroite period, with some glazed
tiles, pottery, etc., the earlier graves a variety of barbaric forms of pottery,
the later graves some hard fine stamped and painted ware of the types of
Karanog, and Meroitic altars and stelae, while iron weapons occurred in
all the necropolis. Professor Sayce contributes chapters on the history
of Meroe and the decipherment of Meroitic hieroglyphs, and Griffith
edits the Meroitic inscriptions of which there are about 50 in hieroglyphic
and demotic, naming deities, kings, and deceased persons.
Lower Nubia. Mr. Woolley and Dr. Bandall-MacIver have pub-
lished a further section of their work for the University of Pennsylvania,
entitled Karanog, the Eomano-Nubian Cemetery. Of the two volumes, one