Egypt Exploration Fund   [Hrsg.]
Archaeological report: comprising the work of the Egypt Exploration Fund and the progress of egyptology during the year ... — 1910-1911

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Gbaeco-Eoman Egypt.


appends a sketch of Germanicus, with special reference to this, his last

The name of Germanicus suggests a mention of the fine bronze head
discovered at Meroe by Prof. Garstang during his excavations on behalf
- of Liverpool University, and now, thanks to the joint generosity of the
University Excavations Committee and the National Art-Collections
Fund, in the British Museum. It is a head of more than life-size, and
plainly of the Augustan period. It was at first taken to be a portrait of
Germanicus, and associated with his visit to Egypt, but the prevalent
view now seems to be that it represents Augustus himself. The eyes,
which are preserved, and which are made of alabaster and glass, give it a
somewhat fixed and staring expression, but it is a fine and important
example of Graeco-Eoman statuary in bronze, and the most notable result
of the excavations at Meroe.

The Giessen Papyri,13 to which a brief reference was made in last year's
Report, are contained in two fasciculi, of which the first is edited by
E. Kornemann and 0. Eger, the second by P. M. Meyer. The form of
publication resembles that of the Oxyrhynchus Papyri. The first part
contains one literary text, a few lines of the Symposium of Xenophon, and
34 documents, with four facsimiles. One of the texts is Ptolemaic, a
marriage contract of 173 B.C.; the rest are of the Eoman period, several of
them being private letters. The second part contains 22 documents, of
which four are Ptolemaic (second cent. B.C.), twelve Eoman, and six
Byzantine, with three facsimiles. The most important is one containing
three proclamations of Caracalla, one of which is the famous Constitutio
Antoniniana, often spoken of as conferring the Eoman citizenship on all
subjects of the Eoman Empire. From the actual text of the decree, now
first discovered, though in a mutilated form, it appears that the privilege
did not extend to the dediticii, whom Meyer identifies with the classes
liable to the poll-tax.

Wenger gives a report,14 as preliminary to a complete publication, on
eighteen papyri from Syene, of the latter part of the sixth century, which
evidently belong to the same group as several papyri in the British
Museum, one of which has already been published by the New Pakeo-
graphical Society, while the rest will appear in the next volume of the
Museum Catalogue.

The new number of the Archiv,15 in addition to Wilcken's most valuable
review of the recent papyrus literature, contains several articles of
importance. Mr. J. G. Milne10 prints revised texts of thirty-one (with
descriptions of a few more) of the Hawara Papyri originally published by
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