Progress of Egyptology.
The Boh. martyrdoms edited by Balestri and Hyvernat (v. Report
1907-08, 67) are reviewed78 by P. P[eeters], with interesting suggestions
as to the identity of the martyrs, many of whom are otherwise unknown.
L. Cantarelli discusses 78a the date of the persecution of the orthodox
party at Alexandria by the Prefect Flavius Tatianus, as it affects the
difficult chronology of his term of office.
In no. lxxxiv of his Miscellen, ton Lemm 79 finds in one of the papyri
printed by Eossi a quotation from the Physiologies, and (no. xciii) a
reminiscence of the same work in the Phoenix-story in I Clement.
In a passage from Epiphanius cle gemmis published by Winstedt from a
Paris MS. (v. last Report, 61), von Lemm, in no. xcv of his Miscellen,
makes some suggestions,80 including an ingenious restoration of a
mention of the " two-and-seventy interpreters" — i.e. the Septuagint
6. Non-Literary Texts.—The English translation of Deissmann's " Licht
vom Osten" and Milligan's selections from the Greek papyri (v. last
Report, 62) are reviewed81 together by A. Menzies. A most favourable
view is taken of both publications, though Menzies justly deprecates a
somewhat contemptuous tone assumed by D. towards the race of
"exegetists" before the papyri began to be known.
P. Meyer publishes82 a series of libelli from Egypt belonging to the
Decian persecution. The most interesting are perhaps nineteen new
specimens, now at Hamburg, which all come from Theadelphia in the
Fayum, and are dated from 12 June to 14 July 250.
Two fourth-century Christian letters 83 are to be found in this year's
volume of Oxyrhynchus papyri; one is a fragment from a sick woman,
without especial interest; in the other, Leo, a priest, commends Ammonius
to the priests and deacons of a neighbouring church.
The Greek and Coptic documents from Aphrodito or Jkow (v. Report
07-08, 70), now in the British Museum, are elaborately edited 84 by Bell
and Crum respectively in one volume. All belong to the first and second
decades of the eighth century, and throw most valuable light on the
organisation of Egypt as a province of the Khalifate. B. contributes a
full introduction, dealing also with the taxes, the naval organization of the
government, and the palaeography of the documents. C.'s introduction,
which is shorter, summarises briefly the dialectical peculiarities of the
documents, together with a few interesting particulars as to Greek
transliterations of Coptic words, which give some help towards the difficult
cpuestion of the pronunciation of the letters janja and ghima. It may be
incidentally mentioned as a curious fact that in all these letters and