Progress of Egyptology.
A history130 of the Georgian Church by M. Tamarati naturally includes
some notice of the mention of St. Nina or Theognosta by Coptic writers.
The passage is quoted (from a Borgian MS.) which has received elaborate
treatment by von Lemm in no. ix (p. 417) of his Studien. Von Lemm
has found131 an even closer and more curious instance of the occasional
connection of Copts and Georgians in the introduction of the Coptic word
lieppc, " lo," in the Georgian version of Ps. xl, 9 which is written in the
Koridethi Greek MS. of the Gospels. In no. xcix he discusses briefly the
source whence this could have arisen.
Griffith and A. J. Butler give an article 132 of some length on the
Copts and their Church in the new edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica.
The account of the condition of the Copts at the present day is interesting
and up-to-date, and written from a much more sympathetic point of view
than the articles in previous editions. They assume it as now certainly
proved that the Muqauqis was Cyril, the Melchite Patriarch; and this
view is shared by E. Stephanou,133 Archimandrite of the Orthodox Syrians
at Alexandria, who, however, sees no particular treachery in the Muqauqis'
actions. His views are strenuously opposed by D. Callimachus,134 who
is subjecting to a most minute investigation the Ethiopic, Coptic, Arabic,
and Greek sources for the history of the Arabian invasion. He considers
that he has successfully demolished Butler's identification.
An account135 of the Coptic Churches of Babylon and of Cairo proper,
by D. Sladen, is much fuller and more accurate than that usually provided
for the tourist: There is also a short description of the Easter service.
Even the popularisation of theology should not allow E. H. Benson, a
generally well-informed writer, to speak130 of " the.Copts of Egypt" as, " at
least in their past history and their present formularies, deeply tainted
with Nestorianism," especially as the volume in which these lines occur is
described as one of " a series of Manuals for Catholic priests and students."
The destruction of the Alexandrine Library has been briefly discussed137
by A. J. Butler, and at some length, paying attention to Moslem historians
and the effect of the destruction on Arabic science and literature, by
Did Musa take any Christian Egyptians with him on his victorious
invasion of Spain ? B. and E. Whishaw believe 139 that he did so, and that
the gitanos of Andalusia are their descendants, still remaining Monophysite.
There seems to be still much controversy among the Uniat Copts con-
cerning the resignation of their patriarch Cyril II in 1908, and lengthy
and angry pamphlets have appeared from the pens of two of their priests,
Theophile Matta110 and Basile Moussa.141 An account142 of the whole