grounds for the values attributed to the letters of the Meroitic alphabet
and for the meanings attributed to certain groups. Place names, names
of deities and personal names, together with Egyptian and Meroitic titles,
form the present gleanings from the inscriptions; very few Meroitic words
or grammatical forms are as yet intelligible. The commencement of the
writing, which is derived from Egyptian, may perhaps be put as far back
as Ergamenes in the third century b.c., and its use must have continued
at least to the end of the third century a.d. The connections with Nubian
are not very close.
Excluding the finds of MacIver's Philadelphia Expedition in Lower
Nubia, of Garstang's Liverpool Expedition at Meroe, and of the Oxford
Expedition at Faras, the Meroitic Inscriptions from all parts are gathered
together and edited, with indices, etc., by Griffith in the xixth and xxth
volumes of the " Survey " of the Egypt Exploration Fund. A stela from
Faras, long in the British Museum, is found to commemorate a man who
was sent as an envoy to Eome, the name of Candace is identified in
Meroitic, and many place-names can be definitely localised.
Some Meroitic ostraca are published in Woolley's Kardnog, the Town,
A pyramid text indicates Setht, a Nubian region bordering on Egypt,
as the conqueror of the Two Lands. Jequier, Bee. de Trav. xxxiv. 112.
Amelineau criticises the arrangement of the kings of the early period,
Rev. Eg. xiii. 163.
On the reading of the name of Zer. Bissing, Rec. cle Trav. xxxiv. 20.
Miss Murray's Index of Names and Titles of the Old Kingdom is
reviewed by Foucart, Sphinx, xvi. 55.
Hall criticises Tofteen's theory of a coregency of Tethmosis III. and
Amenhotp II., P.S.B.A. xxxiv. 107, and Griffith's suggestion that the
reign of the latter was brief, ib. 143.
Cannibalism traceable in a pyramid text. Jequier, Rec. de Trav.
Daressy publishes an ostracon of accounts from the Tombs of the
Kings, proving that Sety II. died in his sixth year and was succeeded by
Bameses-Siptah. The latter was formerly placed last but one in Dyn.
NX., but was shown last year by Maspero to have been served by the
same wazir as Merenptah-Siptah of the XlXth Dynasty. Maspero drew
the conclusion that the two Siptahs were one and the same. Daressy